Learn More
We sought to determine whether nucleolin, a bcl-2 mRNA-binding protein, has a role in the regulation of bcl-2 mRNA stability in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Furthermore, we examined the efficacy of the aptamer AS1411 in targeting nucleolin and inducing bcl-2 mRNA instability and cytotoxicity in these cells. AS1411 at 5 micromol/L inhibited the(More)
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) exhibit impairment across several cognitive domains such as attention, short-term memory and spatial reference memory. These cognitive deficits have been variously attributed to disrupted dopaminergic, cholinergic and adenosinergic neurotransmitter function. However, social memory in SHR has not been investigated. In(More)
The antiapoptotic Bcl-2 protein is overexpressed in a variety of cancers, particularly leukemias. In some cell types this is the result of enhanced stability of bcl-2 mRNA, which is controlled by elements in its 3'-untranslated region. Nucleolin is one of the proteins that binds to bcl-2 mRNA, thereby increasing its half-life. Here, we examined the site on(More)
AS1411 is a DNA aptamer that is in phase II clinical trials for relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia and for renal cell carcinoma. AS1411 binds to nucleolin, a protein that is overexpressed in the cytoplasm and on the plasma membrane of some tumor cells compared with normal cells. Studies were performed to determine whether cell surface nucleolin(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is generally considered to be a suitable genetic model for the study of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), since it displays hyperactivity, impulsivity, poorly sustained attention, and deficits in learning and memory processes. Converging evidence suggests a primary role of disturbance in the(More)
The observation that overexpression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 is associated with both cancer development and anti-cancer drug resistance suggests that factors which regulate bcl-2 expression may be important therapeutic targets. We report here that taxol or okadaic acid (OA) treatment of HL-60 cells reduced bcl-2 mRNA steady state levels to 50% of(More)
The strain of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) is considered a genetic model for the study of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as it displays hyperactivity, impulsivity and poorly sustained attention. Recently, we have shown the involvement of adenosinergic neuromodulation in the SHR's short-term and long-term memory impairments. In(More)
In the present study, we investigated the role of noradrenergic transmission in unconditioned and conditioned responses to predatory threats. First, we examined the effects of systemically injected beta-blockers on unconditioned and contextual conditioned response to cat odor. The centrally acting beta-blocker (propranolol) was able to impair unconditioned(More)
Orthodontic implants have become a reliable method in orthodontic practice for providing temporary additional anchorage. These devices are useful to control skeletal anchorage in less compliant patients or in cases where absolute anchorage is necessary. There are a great number of advantages in this new approach which include easy insertion, decreased(More)
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by the accumulation of clonal B cells that are resistant to apoptosis as a result of bcl2 oncogene overexpression. Studies were done to determine the mechanism for the up-regulation of bcl-2 protein observed in CD19+ CLL cells compared with CD19+ B cells from healthy volunteers. The 11-fold higher(More)