Daniel F. Leotta

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A miniature magnetic position sensor used for three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was tested for precision and accuracy in vitro. The sensor alone was able to locate points with root-mean-square (rms) uncertainty of 1.7 mm and accuracy of 0.05 +/- 0.62 mm over its specified operating range of 50 cm. With an ultrasound imaging system, a point was located(More)
BACKGROUND Traffic-related air pollution is consistently associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recent human and animal studies suggest that exposure to air pollutants affects vascular function. Diesel exhaust (DE) is a major source of traffic-related air pollution. OBJECTIVES Our goal was to study the effects of short-term exposure to DE(More)
Accurate measurement of left-ventricular (LV) volume and function are important to monitor disease progression and assess prognosis in patients with heart disease. Existing methods of three-dimensional (3-D) imaging of the heart using ultrasound have shown the potential of this modality, but each suffers from inherent restrictions which limit its(More)
A phantom has been developed to quickly calibrate a freehand 3-D ultrasound (US) imaging system. Calibration defines the spatial relationship between the US image plane and an external tracking device attached to the scanhead. The phantom consists of a planar array of strings and beads, and a set of out-of-plane strings that guide the user to proper(More)
The abnormal loading of skin and other surface tissues unaccustomed to bearing large mechanical forces occurs under many circumstances of chronic disease or disability. A result of abnormal loading is breakdown of the body wall tissues. An effective rehabilitation program avoids the pathological processes that result in skin trauma and breakdown and(More)
BACKGROUND In order to establish a consistent method for brachial artery reactivity assessment, we analyzed commonly used approaches to the test and their effects on the magnitude and time-course of flow mediated dilation (FMD), and on test variability and repeatability. As a popular and noninvasive assessment of endothelial function, several different(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound imaging of the total stomach volume has not yet been achieved. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a magnetic position sensor system for acquisition of 3D ultrasonograms could be used to determine gastric emptying rates and intragastric distribution. METHODS A system for position and(More)
Computer-based image processing and analysis techniques were developed for quantitative analysis of skin structures in color histological sections. Performance was compared with traditional non-image processing counting methods. Skin sections were stained with Masson's trichrome, hematoxylin and eosin, picrosirius red, or one of several elastin stains. The(More)
Functional tissue pulsatility imaging is a new ultrasonic technique being developed to map brain function by measuring changes in tissue pulsatility as a result of changes in blood flow with neuronal activation. The technique is based in principle on plethysmography, an older, nonultrasound technology for measuring expansion of a whole limb or body part as(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasonographic (US) assessment of abdominal aortic aneurysms is typically performed by measuring maximal aneurysm diameter from two-dimensional images. These measurements are prone to inaccuracies owing to image planes and interobserver variability. The purpose of this study was to compare the variability in diameter, cross-sectional area(More)