Daniel F Curran

Learn More
A model of induced lactation was modified to examine the effects of bovine prolactin (bPRL) and bovine placental lactogen (bPL) on mammary growth and differentiation. Thirty-two peripubertal, non-pregnant Holstein heifers were given daily s.c. injections of oestradiol (0.05 mg/kg) and progesterone (0.25 mg/kg) for 7 days to initiate mammary growth.(More)
The effects of recombinant bovine placental lactogen (rbPL) and recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) on development of ovarian follicles and CL were tested in heifers. Estrus (day = 0) was synchronized and heifers were treated (Days 0-21) with either saline (control; n = 7), rbST (25 mg/day; n = 6), or rbPL. (50 mg/day; n = 8). Blood was collected daily(More)
The primary objective of this study was to determine whether bovine placental lactogen stimulated additional mammary growth as assessed by milk yield from a lactation induced by steroids. Pubertal, nonpregnant Holstein heifers (n = 23) were given daily subcutaneous injections of estradiol-17 beta (0.05 mg/kg) and progesterone (0.25 mg/kg) for 7 d to(More)
The clearance rate of recombinant bovine placental lactogen (rbPL) from the blood serum of four lactating dairy cows was measured using a specific radioimmunoassay. Two animals were non-pregnant, while the other two were at approximately 120 days of gestation. The rbPL was administered as an i.v. bolus injection (4 mg total) via an indwelling jugular(More)
Prolactin, a member of the somatotropin-prolactin-placental lactogen gene family, increases feed intake and rate of weight gain in several species. To determine whether prolactin affects growth performance and carcass composition in swine, recombinant porcine prolactin (rpPRL) was administered to finishing hogs. Doses of 0, 2, 4, 8, and 16 mg of rpPRL/d and(More)
A novel protein concatenated dimer structure was generated during the folding/oxidation of inclusion bodies of recombinant bovine somatotropin synthesized in Escherichia coli. The structure of this dimeric molecule was determined by peptide mapping with trypsin, and limited proteolysis by thrombin. Peptide mapping demonstrated that the two disulfide pairs(More)
Bovine placental lactogen (PL) is a partial somatotropin agonist in the cow and decreases urea nitrogen, indicating increased nitrogen retention. In the present study, the somatogenic effects of bovine PL (bPL; 4 and 8 mg/d) were compared with those of bovine somatotropin (bST; 4 and 8 mg/d) in finishing lambs. Measures of comparison included growth(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), the main target of nitric oxide (NO), is a cytosolic, heme-containing, heterodimeric enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP) to 3,5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and pyrophosphate (PPi) in the presence of Mg2+. Cyclic GMP is then involved in transmitting the NO activating signals to a(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) has been purified from 100 L cell culture infected by baculovirus using the newer and highly effective titerless infected-cells preservation and scale-up (TIPS) method. Successive passage of the enzyme through DEAE, Ni(2+)-NTA, and POROS Q columns obtained approximately 100mg of protein. The sGC obtained by this procedure was(More)
Mature female rats (200 g) were treated for 10 days with either recombinant bovine GH (bGH) or recombinant bovine placental lactogen (bPL) to compare the somatogenic responses elicited by these hormones. The treatments were administered by daily s.c. injection at four dose levels (0.19, 0.56, 1.67 and 5.0 mg/day). Both bGH and bPL stimulated significant(More)