Daniel F. B. Haeufle

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Hill-type muscle models are commonly used in biomechanical simulations to predict passive and active muscle forces. Here, a model is presented which consists of four elements: a contractile element with force-length and force-velocity relations for concentric and eccentric contractions, a parallel elastic element, a series elastic element, and a serial(More)
A reductionist approach was presented to investigate which level of detail of the physiological muscle is required for stable locomotion. Periodic movements of a simplified one-dimensional hopping model with a Hill-type muscle (one contractile element, neither serial nor parallel elastic elements) were analyzed. Force-length and force-velocity relations of(More)
It was hypothesized that a tight integration of feed-forward and feedback-driven muscle activation with the characteristic intrinsic muscle properties is a key feature of locomotion in challenging environments. In this simulation study it was investigated whether a combination of feed-forward and feedback signals improves hopping stability compared with(More)
In biomechanics and biorobotics, muscles are often associated with reduced movement control effort and simplified control compared to technical actuators. This is based on evidence that the nonlinear muscle properties positively influence movement control. It is, however, open how to quantify the simplicity aspect of control effort and compare it between(More)
While running on uneven ground, humans are able to negotiate visible but also camouflaged changes in ground level. Previous studies have shown that the leg kinematics before touch down change with ground level. The present study experimentally investigated the contributions of visual perception (visual feedback), proprioceptive feedback and feed-forward(More)
While hopping, 12 subjects experienced a sudden step down of 5 or 10 cm. Results revealed that the hopping style was “terrain following”. It means that the subjects pursued to keep the distance between maximum hopping height (apex) and ground profile constant. The spring-loaded inverse pendulum (SLIP) model, however, which is currently considered as(More)
It is state of the art that muscle contraction dynamics is adequately described by a hyperbolic relation between muscle force and contraction velocity (Hill relation), thereby neglecting muscle internal mass inertia (first-order dynamics). Accordingly, the vast majority of modelling approaches also neglect muscle internal inertia. Assuming that such(More)
While running, humans are able to negotiate varied and sometimes unpredictable changes in ground level (e.g. roots, hills, stones or high grass hiding terrain). It seems that this ability can be attributed to a correct setting of the mechanical system. In situations where the human runners become aware of a perturbation in ground level, they adjust their(More)
In the context of embodied artificial intelligence, morphological computation refers to processes which are conducted by the body (and environment) that otherwise would have to be performed by the brain. Exploiting environmental and morphological properties is an important feature of embodied systems. The main reason is that it allows to significantly(More)