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Neural integrators and working memory rely on persistent activity, a widespread neural phenomenon potentially involving persistent sodium conductances. Using a unique combination of voltage-clamp, dynamic-clamp, and frequency-domain techniques, we have investigated the role of voltage-dependent conductances on the dendritic electrotonic structure of neurons(More)
The postnatal maturation pattern of glycine receptor channels (GlyRs) expressed by dopaminergic (DA) neurones of the rat substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) was investigated using single-channel and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in brain slices from rats aged 7-21 postnatal days (P). In neonatal rats (P7-P10), GlyRs exhibited a main conductance state(More)
The in vitro metabolic activation of flutamide, a nitroaromatic antiandrogen which produces hepatitis in a few recipients, was first studied with male rat liver microsomes. There was no electron spin resonance evidence for the reduction of flutamide by reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-cytochrome P-450 reductase into a nitro anion(More)
Small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (SK) channels are heteromeric complexes of SK alpha-subunits and calmodulin that modulate membrane excitability, are responsible for part of the after-hyperpolarization (AHP) following action potentials, and thus control the firing patterns and excitability of most central neurons. An engineered knockout allele(More)
The nitroaromatic drug nilutamide has been shown previously to undergo redox cycling in aerobic rat liver microsomes, being reduced by NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase to a nitro anion-free radical which reacts with oxygen, to regenerate the parent drug, and form a superoxide anion dismuted to hydrogen peroxide. In the present study, the effects of(More)
The hepatotoxicity of flutamide, an antiandrogen that produces hepatitis in some human recipients, was studied in isolated rat hepatocytes. Flutamide (1 mM) led to the covalent binding of reactive electrophilic metabolites to male rat hepatocyte proteins. It decreased the reduced glutathione (GSH)/glutathione disulfide ratio and total protein thiols. This(More)
Normal and preganglionically denervated cat superior cervical ganglia were sectioned and cultured for 24 or 48 hr, with or without preliminary inactivation of acetylcholinesterase, and in the presence or absence of 10(-5) M glycyl-L-glutamine. They were then homogenized, and the molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase were analyzed by sucrose gradient(More)
The effect of the lack of vestibular input on the membrane properties of central vestibular neurons was studied by using a strain of transgenic, vestibular-deficient mutant KCNE1(-/-) mice where the hair cells of the inner ear degenerate just after birth. Despite the absence of sensory vestibular input, their central vestibular pathways are intact. Juvenile(More)
Noradrenaline (NA) plays an important role in compensating for the loss in dopaminergic (DA) function following lesions of the DA neurones of the substantia nigra (SN). Alpha2-adrenoceptors are largely expressed in these neurones, but the cellular response to their activation is unknown. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were made from DA neurones of rat(More)
1. Molecular and biophysical properties of GABAA receptors of dopaminergic (DA) neurones of the pars compacta of the rat substantia nigra were studied in slices and after acute dissociation. 2. Single-cell reverse transcriptase-multiplex polymerase chain reaction confirmed that DA neurones contained mRNAs encoding for the alpha3 subunit of the GABAA(More)