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Neural integrators and working memory rely on persistent activity, a widespread neural phenomenon potentially involving persistent sodium conductances. Using a unique combination of voltage-clamp, dynamic-clamp, and frequency-domain techniques, we have investigated the role of voltage-dependent conductances on the dendritic electrotonic structure of neurons(More)
The postnatal maturation pattern of glycine receptor channels (GlyRs) expressed by dopaminergic (DA) neurones of the rat substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) was investigated using single-channel and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in brain slices from rats aged 7-21 postnatal days (P). In neonatal rats (P7-P10), GlyRs exhibited a main conductance state(More)
Small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (SK) channels are heteromeric complexes of SK alpha-subunits and calmodulin that modulate membrane excitability, are responsible for part of the after-hyperpolarization (AHP) following action potentials, and thus control the firing patterns and excitability of most central neurons. An engineered knockout allele(More)
The effect of the lack of vestibular input on the membrane properties of central vestibular neurons was studied by using a strain of transgenic, vestibular-deficient mutant KCNE1(-/-) mice where the hair cells of the inner ear degenerate just after birth. Despite the absence of sensory vestibular input, their central vestibular pathways are intact. Juvenile(More)
Noradrenaline (NA) plays an important role in compensating for the loss in dopaminergic (DA) function following lesions of the DA neurones of the substantia nigra (SN). Alpha2-adrenoceptors are largely expressed in these neurones, but the cellular response to their activation is unknown. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were made from DA neurones of rat(More)
1. Molecular and biophysical properties of GABAA receptors of dopaminergic (DA) neurones of the pars compacta of the rat substantia nigra were studied in slices and after acute dissociation. 2. Single-cell reverse transcriptase-multiplex polymerase chain reaction confirmed that DA neurones contained mRNAs encoding for the alpha3 subunit of the GABAA(More)
The functional interaction of thiocyanate (SCN-) ions with recombinant non-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors was examined by studying alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)- and kainic acid (KA)-activated currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Recombinant receptors were expressed after microinjection of oocytes with combinations of cDNAs(More)
The main physiological and morphological features of the synapses in the superior cervical ganglia of mammals and the last two abdominal ganglia of the frog sympathetic chain are summarized. The effects of axotomy on structure and function of ganglionic synapses are then reviewed, as well as various changes in neuronal metabolism in mammals and in the frog,(More)
Mutant mice are a good model to study to what extent the postnatal activity of sensory afferents is necessary for the maturation of central neurons. In particular, the question arises whether the signals carried by the first-order vestibular neurons, which encode information on the head movement of pups, are necessary for the maturation of second-order(More)
Numerous studies in rodents have shown that the functional efficacy of several neurotransmitter receptors and the intrinsic membrane excitability of central vestibular neurons, as well as the organization of synaptic connections within and between vestibular nuclei can be modified during postnatal development, after a lesion of peripheral vestibular organs(More)