Learn More
Neural integrators and working memory rely on persistent activity, a widespread neural phenomenon potentially involving persistent sodium conductances. Using a unique combination of voltage-clamp, dynamic-clamp, and frequency-domain techniques, we have investigated the role of voltage-dependent conductances on the dendritic electrotonic structure of neurons(More)
The postnatal maturation pattern of glycine receptor channels (GlyRs) expressed by dopaminergic (DA) neurones of the rat substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) was investigated using single-channel and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in brain slices from rats aged 7-21 postnatal days (P). In neonatal rats (P7-P10), GlyRs exhibited a main conductance state(More)
Small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (SK) channels are heteromeric complexes of SK alpha-subunits and calmodulin that modulate membrane excitability, are responsible for part of the after-hyperpolarization (AHP) following action potentials, and thus control the firing patterns and excitability of most central neurons. An engineered knockout allele(More)
The in vitro metabolic activation of flutamide, a nitroaromatic antiandrogen which produces hepatitis in a few recipients, was first studied with male rat liver microsomes. There was no electron spin resonance evidence for the reduction of flutamide by reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-cytochrome P-450 reductase into a nitro anion(More)
The hepatotoxicity of flutamide, an antiandrogen that produces hepatitis in some human recipients, was studied in isolated rat hepatocytes. Flutamide (1 mM) led to the covalent binding of reactive electrophilic metabolites to male rat hepatocyte proteins. It decreased the reduced glutathione (GSH)/glutathione disulfide ratio and total protein thiols. This(More)
The effect of the lack of vestibular input on the membrane properties of central vestibular neurons was studied by using a strain of transgenic, vestibular-deficient mutant KCNE1(-/-) mice where the hair cells of the inner ear degenerate just after birth. Despite the absence of sensory vestibular input, their central vestibular pathways are intact. Juvenile(More)
Noradrenaline (NA) plays an important role in compensating for the loss in dopaminergic (DA) function following lesions of the DA neurones of the substantia nigra (SN). Alpha2-adrenoceptors are largely expressed in these neurones, but the cellular response to their activation is unknown. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were made from DA neurones of rat(More)
1. Molecular and biophysical properties of GABAA receptors of dopaminergic (DA) neurones of the pars compacta of the rat substantia nigra were studied in slices and after acute dissociation. 2. Single-cell reverse transcriptase-multiplex polymerase chain reaction confirmed that DA neurones contained mRNAs encoding for the alpha3 subunit of the GABAA(More)
The main physiological and morphological features of the synapses in the superior cervical ganglia of mammals and the last two abdominal ganglia of the frog sympathetic chain are summarized. The effects of axotomy on structure and function of ganglionic synapses are then reviewed, as well as various changes in neuronal metabolism in mammals and in the frog,(More)
Mutant mice are a good model to study to what extent the postnatal activity of sensory afferents is necessary for the maturation of central neurons. In particular, the question arises whether the signals carried by the first-order vestibular neurons, which encode information on the head movement of pups, are necessary for the maturation of second-order(More)