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The capacity of preexisting antioxidant pathways to handle oxidative stress during exercise may be complemented by the synthesis of inducible heat stress proteins (HSP). Our purpose was to determine if the amount of mRNA for HSP32, a major oxidative stress protein, was increased in muscle after repetitive contractions. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain(More)
Recent studies have concluded that a single exercise session has no immediate effect on the plasma concentration of leptin, a putative satiety factor. We tested the hypothesis that an increase in energy expenditure would decrease the leptin concentration but the effects would be manifest in a 48-hour period following exercise. Eleven active males completed(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the threshold of exercise energy expenditure necessary to change blood lipid and lipoprotein concentrations and lipoprotein lipase activity (LPLA) in healthy, trained men. On different days, 11 men (age, 26.7 +/- 6.1 yr; body fat, 11.0 +/- 1.5%) completed four separate, randomly assigned, submaximal treadmill(More)
Increased synthesis of stress proteins may enhance myocardial viability during periods of low oxygen delivery. Our purpose was to determine if the oxidative stress protein heme oxygenase-1 [heat stress protein 32 (HSP 32)] was induced in hypoxic cardiomyocytes and whether this induction might be mediated by a redox-sensitive mechanism. Primary rat neonatal(More)
The cellular control of intramuscular triglyceride (TG) metabolism involves two major identified lipases: hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL). Recently, the presence of HSL in muscle has been unequivocally demonstrated. However, although it is thought that HSL is responsible for intramuscular TG lipolysis, direct evidence for this is(More)
Exercise can increase plasma inflammatory cytokine concentrations in humans, but tissue responses are not well studied. We examined plasma concentrations and tissue expression of TNFalpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6 following treadmill running in mice. C57B1/6 mice were randomly assigned to: non-exercise control (CON), sacrifice at 0 or 1.5 h after 60 min running(More)
Definitive characterization of the mechanisms of skeletal muscle fatigue is still an area of active investigation. One emerging theory concerns a role for the reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced primarily as a consequence of elevated rates of mitochondrial respiration. It has been theorized that the long-lasting effects of low-frequency fatigue (LFF) can(More)
Chronic stretch of the chicken fast-twitch patagialis muscle increases the rate of growth and percentage of fast-twitch oxidative fibers. We have analyzed the effects of stretch on the expression of two previously identified "embryonic" myosin heavy chain (MHC) mRNAs (p251 and p110). Both MHC mRNAs were expressed in the patagialis at their highest levels in(More)
Mice exercised to fatigue and exposed to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) exhibit greater mortality than control mice. In this study, we examined lung macrophage resistance to HSV-1 after exercise in terms of both viral replication and interferon (IFN)-beta production. We utilized the reverse transcriptase-rapid polymerase chain reaction to measure the(More)
The synthesis of haem has been postulated to be a key regulatory step in muscle mitochondrial biogenesis. We examined the expression of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase (ALAs), the regulatory enzyme of haem metabolism, in 10 Hz electrically stimulated and non-stimulated control rat tibialis anterior (TA) muscle. ALAs activity and mRNA levels were measured at(More)