Daniel Escobedo

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METHODS Thirty-two patients with clinical node-negative breast cancer underwent sentinel node localization study as part of a National Cancer Institute-sponsored multicenter trial. Anatomical and histopathologic characteristics of sentinel lymph node (SLN) and a kinetic analysis of nodal uptake were studied. Patients were injected with 1 mCi/4 ml unfiltered(More)
The conductance catheter technique could be improved by determining instantaneous parallel conductance (G(P)), which is known to be time varying, and by including a time-varying calibration factor in Baan's equation [alpha(t)]. We have recently proposed solutions to the problems of both time-varying G(P) and time-varying alpha, which we term "admittance"(More)
Conductance measurements for generation of an instantaneous left ventricular (LV) volume signal in the mouse are limited, because the volume signal is a combination of blood and LV muscle, and only the blood signal is desired. We have developed a conductance system that operates at two simultaneous frequencies to identify and remove the myocardial(More)
A classic problem in traditional conductance measurement of left ventricular (LV) volume is the separation of the contributions of myocardium from blood. Measurement of both the magnitude and the phase of admittance allow estimation of the time-varying myocardial contribution, which provides a substantial improvement by eliminating the need for hypertonic(More)
This paper presents the design, construction and testing of a device to measure pressure-volume loops in the left ventricle of conscious, ambulatory rats. Pressure is measured with a standard sensor, but volume is derived from data collected from a tetrapolar electrode catheter using a novel admittance technique. There are two main advantages of the(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to identify the components of vulnerable plaques in a well-established murine model of human atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND Although the pathologic features that predict plaque rupture at autopsy are well known, the development of a technology to identify(More)
Recently it has been proposed that the decrease in coronary blood flow (CBF) resulting from cardiac contraction referred to as systolic flow impediment (SFI) is dependent on the level of left ventricular elastance (Ees). The average rate of LV relaxation (Ravg) has been shown to be major determinant of diastolic flow development (DFD). We tested these(More)
BACKGROUND It has been hypothesized that because of its rapid heart rate, the intact murine heart functions near maximal contractility in the basal state. If this hypothesis is correct, then the fast and slow components of myocardial length-dependent activation should be blunted compared with larger mammals. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice (n=24) were(More)
There are two implanted heart failure warning systems incorporated into biventricular pacemakers/automatic implantable cardiac defibrillators and tested in clinical trials: right heart pressures, and lung conductance measurements. However, both warning systems postdate measures of the earliest indicator of impending heart failure: left ventricular (LV)(More)
Cardiac volume can be estimated by a conductance catheter system. Both blood and myocardium are conductive, but only the blood conductance is desired. Therefore, the parallel myocardium contribution should be removed from the total measured conductance. Several methods have been developed to estimate the contribution from myocardium, and they only determine(More)