Daniel E. Riedel

Learn More
During the last decade far-field fluorescence microscopy methods have evolved that have resolution far below the wavelength of light. To outperform the limiting role of diffraction, all these methods, in one way or another, switch the ability of a molecule to emit fluorescence. Here we present a novel rhodamine amide that can be photoswitched from a(More)
The total dissolved load of the Rhine river increases downstream due to the combined impact of natural and pollution loads. The natural background, controlled by geology, is soon swamped by pollution, particularly from salt and coal mining activities in Alsace and the Ruhr area. The Rhine is also a net source of CO2 from oxidation of excess organic(More)
Correlation filtering has recently been reintroduced to the facial recognition domain with promising recognition rates being seen over a variety of different facial databases. In this paper we utilise the minimum average correlation energy (MACE) and unconstrained minimum average correlation energy (UMACE) filters in conjunction with two correlation plane(More)
Tunneling electrons from a low-temperature (5 kelvin) scanning tunneling microscope were used to control, through resonant electronic excitation, the molecular dynamics of an individual biphenyl molecule adsorbed on a silicon(100) surface. Different reversible molecular movements were selectively activated by tuning the electron energy and by selecting(More)
Several systems in the solid state have been suggested as promising candidates for spin-based quantum information processing. In spite of significant progress during the last decade, there is a search for new systems with higher potential [D. DiVincenzo, Nat. Mater. 9, 468 (2010)]. We report that silicon vacancy defects in silicon carbide comprise the(More)
The reversible hopping of a bistable atom on the Si(100)-(2×1):H surface is activated nonlocally by hole injection into Si-Si bond surface states with a low temperature (5 K) scanning tunneling microscope. In the contact region, at short distances (<1.5  nm) between the hole injection site and the bistable atom, the hopping yield of the bistable atom(More)
At low temperature (5 K), a single biphenyl molecule adsorbed on a Si(100) surface behaves as a bistable device which can be reversibly switched by electronic excitation with the scanning tunneling microscope tip. Density functional theory suggests that the biphenyl molecule is adsorbed with one dissociated hydrogen atom bonded to a neighbor surface silicon(More)
In this paper we address the spatial activity recognition problem with an algorithm based on Smith-Waterman (SW) local alignment. The proposed SW approach utilises dynamic programming with two dimensional spatial data to quantify sequence similarity. SW is well suited for spatial activity recognition as the approach is robust to noise and can accomodate(More)
We demonstrate how organic solar cell efficiency can be increased by introducing a pure polymer interlayer between the PEDOT:PSS layer and the polymer:fullerene blend. We observe an increase in device efficiency with three different material systems over a number of devices. Using both electrical characterization and numerical modeling we show that the(More)