Daniel E. Geraghty

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Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I genes typically encode polymorphic peptide-binding chains which are ubiquitously expressed and mediate the recognition of intracellular antigens by cytotoxic T cells. They constitute diverse gene families in different species and include the numerous so-called nonclassical genes in the mouse H-2 complex, of(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is comprised of the class I, class II, and class III regions, including the MHC class I and class II genes that play a primary role in the immune response and serve as an important model in studies of primate evolution. Although nonhuman primates contribute significantly to comparative human studies, relatively(More)
We previously showed that the availability of a nonamer peptide derived from certain HLA class I signal sequences is a necessary requirement for the stabilization of endogenous HLA-E expression on the surface of 721.221 cells. This led us to examine the ability of HLA-E to protect HLA class I transfectants from natural killer (NK) cell-mediated lysis. It(More)
We have cloned genomic DNA encoding a non-HLA-A, -B, -C class I gene located within a HindIII-generated restriction fragment of 6.0 kilobase pairs. This gene, designated HLA-6.0, is as homologous to HLA-A and HLA-B as they are to each other. The HLA class I protein encoded by HLA-6.0 is similar in organization to the HLA-A-, -B-, and -C-encoded proteins(More)
Previous studies showed that HLA-E was expressed in lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) 721.221 cells, but surface expression was lacking. To determine the signals controlling surface expression, we constructed a series of hybrid genes using complementary portions derived from the HLA-E and HLA-A2 genes. In this manner, a hybrid of HLA-E was identified,(More)
The HLA-G primary transcript is alternatively spliced to yield mRNAs encoding three alternative membrane bound proteins. In addition to these forms, a soluble HLA-G protein has been described which is not encoded directly by any of the three alternative mRNAs. To explain the process which might lead to the expression of a soluble HLA-G Ag, we investigated(More)
Recent genetic studies have established that the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genomic region displays extensive diversity through variation in gene content and allelic polymorphism within individual KIR genes. It is demonstrated by family segregation analysis, genomic sequencing, and gene order determination that genomic diversity by gene(More)
In this study we focused on the structure and expression of the HLA-E, F, and G class I complexes in placental tissue. Structural analysis included an examination of the peptides bound to soluble and membrane forms of the HLA-G complex isolated directly from placenta. An important distinction was observed from HLA-G bound peptides previously isolated from(More)
The class Ib antigen HLA-G is expressed as a membrane-bound protein like classical class Ia molecules (M.HLA-G) but, unlike typical class I, is also expressed as a soluble protein (S.HLA-G) with a unique C terminus. Our results show that, similar to classical class I proteins, the membrane-bound form of HLA-G associated with TAP, as evidenced by the ability(More)
The fast evolving human KIR gene family encodes variable lymphocyte receptors specific for polymorphic HLA class I determinants. Nucleotide sequences for 24 representative human KIR haplotypes were determined. With three previously defined haplotypes, this gave a set of 12 group A and 15 group B haplotypes for assessment of KIR variation. The seven(More)