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The Fourth-year Academic Clinical Training and Teaching Selective (FACTTS) is a course taught by medical and library faculty on the practice of evidence-based medicine and critical appraisal of the medical literature. This study assesses the impact of the course on students' understanding of the subject matter by examining three years of pre- and post-test(More)
The pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is currently ascribed in part to a T cell-mediated process targeting myelin components. The T cell response to one candidate autoantigen, myelin basic protein (MBP), in the context of HLA-DR15Dw2, has been previously studied in detail. However, the characteristics of cellular immunity in the context of other(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on intraocular pressure. DESIGN Prospective, controlled, longitudinal, dual center study. In one group, patients served as their own control. In the second group, isolated determinations of intraocular pressure were made in mechanically ventilated patients receiving PEEP. (More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a chronic, progressive neurological disease characterized by marked degeneration of the spinal cord and the presence of antibodies against HTLV-1. Patients with HAM/TSP, but not asymptomatic carriers, show very high precursor frequencies of(More)
Exposure of rats to hyperoxia (100% oxygen for 64 h) resulted in striking alterations in the properties of samples obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage. The yield of neutrophils, lymphocytes, and red blood cells was increased, while the number of harvested alveolar macrophages decreased. The acellular lavage fluid level of protein was elevated, indicating(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the outcome of occupational asthma (OA) induced by isocyanates in Ontario (where a surveillance programme for exposed workers has been in place for over 15 years), with the outcome of OA induced by other work agents. METHODS Compensated OA claims during the period 1984-88 in Ontario were retrospectively reviewed in a standardised(More)
We evaluated associations between dust exposure, demographic factors, and lung function by longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses in 475 steelworkers who participated in at least three spirometry tests over 5 yr between 1982 and 1991. Baseline and follow-up spirometry and changes between baseline and final follow-up assessment attributable to age,(More)
As part of a previous study, we identified Ontario cases of isocyanate-induced occupational asthma (OA) and the companies at which they worked. The Ontario Ministry of Labour maintained a computerized database including isocyanate air sampling determinations conducted by the Ministry. Within this database, we compared levels of isocyanate concentrations(More)
Associations among dust exposure, smoking habits, and demographic factors and longitudinal changes of lung function were assessed among male steel workers. Cohort descriptive data analysis was conducted in 541 steel workers who had performed spirometry at least twice between 1982 and 1991 (mean follow-up, 6.1 years). The annual change (slope) in FVC, FEV1,(More)