Daniel Dolfi

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In polarimetric imaging systems, the main source of perturbations may not be detection noise but fluctuations of the Mueller matrices in the scene. In this case, we propose a method for determining the illumination and analysis polarization states that allow reaching the highest target detection performance. We show with simulations and real-world images(More)
Within the general framework of active imaging we address the degree of polarization (DOP) estimation in the presence of additive Gaussian detector noise. We first study the performance of standard DOP estimators and propose a method to increase estimation precision using physically relevant a priori information. We then consider the realistic case of(More)
We address precision of estimation of the degree of polarization (DOP) from the orthogonal state contrast image (OSCI) in the presence of both signal-dependent Poisson noise due to useful signal, and additive Poisson noise due to dark current and / or background light. We determine the Cramer Rao Lower Bound and deduce from it figures of merit for DOP(More)
The control of optical fields is usually achieved through the electro-optic or acousto-optic effect in single-crystal ferroelectric or polar compounds such as LiNbO3 or quartz. In recent years, tremendous progress has been made in ferroelectric oxide thin film technology-a field which is now a strong driving force in areas such as electronics, spintronics(More)
We demonstrate the dual-frequency emission of a diode-pumped vertical external-cavity semiconductor laser operating at 852 nm, dedicated to the coherent population trapping of cesium atoms for compact atomic frequency references. It is based on a single laser cavity sustaining the oscillation of two adjacent, cross-polarized, modes. The output power reaches(More)
We present a method for automatic target detection based on the iterative interplay between an active polarimetric imager with adaptive capabilities and a snake-based image segmentation algorithm. It successfully addresses the difficult situations where the target and the background differ only by their polarimetric properties. This method illustrates the(More)
In active scalar polarimetric imaging systems, the illumination and analysis polarization states are degrees of freedom that can be used to maximize the performance. These optimal states depend on the statistics of the noise that perturbs image acquisition. We investigate the problem of optimization of discrimination ability (contrast) of such imagers in(More)
We present the design and the practical implementation of a polarimetric imaging system based on liquid-crystal modulators that allows generation and analysis of any polarization state on the Poincaré sphere. This system is more versatile than standard Mueller imagers that are based on optimized, but limited, sets of illumination and analysis states.(More)
In active polarization imaging, one frequently needs to be insensitive to noninformative spatial intensity fluctuations. We investigate a way of solving this issue with general state contrast (GSC) imaging. It consists in acquiring two scalar polarimetric images with optimized illumination and analysis polarization states, then forming a ratio. We propose a(More)
Active imaging systems that measure the degree of polarization (DOP) are often perturbed by passive light owing to ambient illumination. Passive light introduces a shot noise that combines with the noise due to the active signal to perturb estimation of the DOP. We quantitatively study its influence and show that the polarization state of active(More)