Daniel D. Long

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The in vivo preclinical pharmacodynamic profile of TD-1211, a selective opioid receptor antagonist currently under development for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation, was compared to that of the clinically studied opioid antagonists, naltrexone, alvimopan, and ADL 08-0011 (the primary active metabolite of alvimopan). The oral activity of TD-1211(More)
The discovery of a series of 5-HT4 receptor agonists based on a novel 2-alkylbenzimidazole aromatic core is described. Optimization of the 2-substituent of the benzimidazole ring led to a series of agonists with subnanomolar binding affinity and moderate-to-high intrinsic activity relative to that of 5-HT. Consistent with our previously described(More)
[reaction: see text] The solution-phase conformational properties of tetrameric and octameric chains of C-glycosyl alpha-d-lyxofuranose configured tetrahydrofuran amino acids (where the C-2 and C-5 substituents on the tetrahydrofuran ring are trans to each other) were examined using NMR and IR and CD in organic solvents. Studies by NMR and IR demonstrated(More)
Gastrointestinal dysfunction as a consequence of the use of opioid analgesics is of significant clinical concern. First generation drugs to treat these opioid-induced side-effects were limited by their negative impact on opioid receptor agonist-induced analgesia. Second generation therapies target a localized, peripherally-restricted, non-CNS penetrant drug(More)
Further application of our multivalent approach to drug discovery directed to 5-HT(4) receptor agonists is described. Optimization of the linker and secondary binding amine in the indazole-tropane primary binding group series, for binding affinity and functional potency at the 5-HT(4) receptor, selectivity over the 5-HT(3) receptor, oral pharmacokinetics,(More)
There is a clear and urgent need for novel antibacterial agents that can address the concerns of growing resistance. This article details recent patent activity within the antibiotic field based on the emerging strategy of a multivalent approach to drug discovery. A range of heterodimer antibiotics are discussed, which consist of two antibacterial chemical(More)
The clinical efficacy of opioid receptor antagonists for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is established. Peripherally selective antagonists are intended to provide OIC symptom relief without compromising the analgesic effects of centrally penetrant opioid agonists. We describe the in vitro profile of a novel opioid receptor antagonist,(More)
The conductance of oxidized cholesterol membranes modified with excitability-inducing material was observed in membranes containing either single conductance channels or 100-1000 channels. Membranes containing single channels have several conductance states for each voltage polarity, and the current through membranes containing manychannels decays with at(More)
Further investigations towards novel glycopeptide/beta-lactam heterodimers are reported. Employing a multivalent approach to drug discovery, vancomycin and cephalosporin synthons, 4, 2, 5 and 10, 18, 25 respectively, were chemically linked to yield heterodimer antibiotics. These novel compounds were designed to inhibit Gram-positive bacterial cell wall(More)