Daniel D. Lefebvre

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When Brassica nigra leaf petiole suspension cells were subjected to 7 days of inorganic phosphate (Pi) starvation the extractable activity of: (a) pyrophosphate:fructose 6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase, nonphosphorylating NADP-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, phosphoenolpyruvate phosphatase, and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase increased at least(More)
Suspension cells of Brassica nigra responded to Pi deprivation by increasing their potential for Pi influx and by raising the active levels of intracellular, cell surface, and secreted acid phosphatases. These responses, however, were temporally distinct. Phosphate influx capacity increased 15-fold in parallel to a 10-fold decrease in endogenous Pi during 7(More)
Induction of phosphatase activity is an important component of the plant cell response to phosphate deficiency. Suspension cell cultures of Brassica nigra contain two major inducible acid phosphatase (APase) isozymes; vacuolar phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) APase and cell wall nonspecific APase. Polyclonal antibodies raised against purified PEP-APase(More)
An acid phosphatase from Brassica nigra (black mustard) leaf petiole cell-suspension cultures has been purified 1633-fold to a final specific activity of 1225 (mumols orthophosphate produced/min)/mg protein and near homogeneity. The native protein was a glycosylated monomer having a molecular mass of 60 kDa and a pI of 4.5. The enzyme displayed a broad pH(More)
The biotransformation of Hg(II) in pH-controlled and aerated algal cultures was investigated. Previous researchers have observed losses in Hg detection in vitro with the addition of cysteine under acid reduction conditions in the presence of SnCl2. They proposed that this was the effect of Hg-thiol complexing. The present study found that cysteine-Hg,(More)
The biotransformation of Hg(II) by cyanobacteria was investigated under aerobic and pH-controlled culture conditions. Mercury was supplied as HgCl(2) in amounts emulating those found under heavily impacted environmental conditions where bioremediation would be appropriate. The analytical procedures used to measure mercury within the culture solution,(More)
There are many benefits to growing Arabidopsis in solution-based media, especially when large amounts of root tissue are required for molecular and biochemical studies. Roots grown in soil are brittle and tend to break easily when removed from their substrate. We have developed an axenic liquid culture system that simplifies growing large amounts of roots(More)
We have previously isolated a phosphate starvation-response (psr) cDNA clone, psr3.1, from Brassica nigra which encodes a β-glucosidase. Southern blots of Arabidopsis thaliana genomic DNA probed with the psr3.1 cDNA indicated that this gene exists as a single locus. A genomic library of A. thaliana was screened at high stringency to isolate the(More)
Differential gene expression at the transcriptional level was examined as an initial step in the investigation of the Pi starvation response of Brassica nigra suspension cells. Total RNA was extracted from 7-day old cells grown in media containing either no Pi, 1.25 mM or 10 mM Pi., In vitro translation was carried out using their respective poly(A)+ RNA(More)
Eukaryotic algae were studied to determine their ability to biotransform HgII under aerated and pH controlled conditions. All algae converted HgII into β-HgS and Hg0 to varying degrees. When HgII was administered as HgCl2 to the algae, biotransformation by species of Chlorophyceae (Selenastrum minutum and Chlorella fusca var. fusca) was initiated with β-HgS(More)