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Conspecific negative density-dependent establishment, in which local abundance negatively affects establishment of conspecific seedlings through host-specific enemies, can influence species diversity of plant communities, but the generality of this process is not well understood. We tested the strength of density dependence using the United States Forest(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) sets in motion cascades of biochemical changes that result in delayed cell death and altered neuronal architecture. Studies have demonstrated that inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) effectively reduces apoptosis following a number of stimuli. The Wnt family of proteins, and growth factors are two major(More)
Continuous geodetic measurements from convergent margins have shown that deep transient creep events can release large amounts of strain energy without detectable seismic shaking, and they are thus known as slow or silent earthquakes. Because subduction zones generate the largest earthquakes, seismic hazard assessment relies on understanding the degree to(More)
The intramuscular administration of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo [4,5-c] pyridin-3-ol (THPO) delayed the onset of isonicotinic acid hydrazide-induced seizures in very young chicks but not in adult mice, the difference being due to the state of development of the blood-brain-barrier which controls access of the drug to the brain tissue. THPO was also(More)
Concussive injury (or mild traumatic brain injury; mTBI) can exhibit features of focal or diffuse injury patterns. We compared and contrasted the cellular and molecular responses after mild controlled cortical impact (mCCI; a focal injury) or fluid percussion injury (FPI; a diffuse injury) in rats. The rationale for this comparative analysis was to(More)
Repeating intermolecular protein association by means of beta-sheet expansion is the mechanism underlying a multitude of diseases including Alzheimer's, Huntington's and Parkinson's and the prion encephalopathies. A family of proteins, known as the serpins, also forms large stable multimers by ordered beta-sheet linkages leading to intracellular accretion(More)
Experimental febrile seizures can be evoked in epileptic chicks by elevation of their body temperature. Both competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists [(3-(+/- )2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP), DL-2-amino-7-phosphosphonoheptanoic acid (APH), DL-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV), D-alpha-aminoadipic acid (AAA),(More)
The anticonvulsant activity of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) has been determined against seizures induced in epileptic chickens by intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) and in epileptic and nonepileptic chickens by Metrazol. Intravenous administration of the drug reduced both the severity and incidence of seizures evoked by IPS in epileptic(More)
WiSARDNet (Wireless Sensing and Relay Device Network) is an ad hoc wireless sensor network optimized for dense in situ spatio-temporal monitoring of environmental and ecosystems processes. WiSARDNet is a complete distributed sensing system that includes (i) an array of standard multi-channel passive and active probe interfaces (e.g., multiple channels of(More)
The high seizure susceptibility in epileptic chickens is due to an autosomal recessive mutation. In 3-day-old chicks homozygous for the epilepsy gene (epileptics), elevation of body temperature using microwave diathermy evoked an initial febrile seizure resembling the clonic seizures evoked in epileptic chicks by photic stimulation. After complete recovery,(More)