Daniel D Buchanan

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Aberrant DNA methylation of CpG islands has been widely observed in human colorectal tumors and is associated with gene silencing when it occurs in promoter areas. A subset of colorectal tumors has an exceptionally high frequency of methylation of some CpG islands, leading to the suggestion of a distinct trait referred to as 'CpG island methylator(More)
CONTEXT Lynch syndrome is the most common form of hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC) and is caused by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Identification of gene carriers currently relies on germline analysis in patients with MMR-deficient tumors, but criteria to select individuals in whom tumor MMR testing should be performed are unclear.(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a combination of motor symptoms. We identified two functional single nucleotide polymorphisms in the glycogen synthase kinase-3beta gene (GSK3B). A promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (rs334558) is associated with transcriptional strength in vitro in which the T allele has greater(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a heterogeneous disease that can develop via several pathways. Different CRC subtypes, identified based on tumor markers, have been proposed to reflect these pathways. We evaluated the significance of these previously proposed classifications to survival. METHODS Participants in the population-based Seattle(More)
A primary haplotype (H1) of the microtubule-associated protein Tau (MAPT) gene is associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the mechanism for disease susceptibility remains unknown. We examined the promoter region of MAPT and identified single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertions of 1 to 11 nucleotides. These polymorphisms corresponded to the(More)
BACKGROUND Both shorter and longer telomeres in peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) DNA have been associated with cancer risk. However, associations remain inconsistent across studies of the same cancer type. This study compares DNA preparation methods to determine telomere length from patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS We examined PBL relative(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations in MSH6 account for 10%-20% of Lynch syndrome colorectal cancers caused by hereditary DNA mismatch repair gene mutations. Because there have been only a few studies of mutation carriers, their cancer risks are uncertain. METHODS We identified 113 families of MSH6 mutation carriers from five countries that we ascertained(More)
A family history of Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most commonly reported risk factor after age, suggesting a genetic component to the disease in a sub-group of patients. Mutations in at least six genes have been identified that can lead to monogenic forms of PD. We screened a sample of 74 early-onset PD cases out of a cohort of 950 patients (onset <50(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hyperplastic polyposis syndrome (HPS) is defined phenotypically with multiple, large and/or proximal hyperplastic polyps. There is no known germ-line predisposition. We aimed to characterize the clinicopathologic features of 38 patients with HPS and explore the role of germ-line mutations in the base excision repair genes MBD4 and MYH. (More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) that demonstrates microsatellite instability (MSI) is caused by either germline mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations, or 'sporadic' somatic tumour MLH1 promoter methylation. MLH1 promoter methylation is reportedly correlated with tumour BRAF V600E mutation status. No systematic review has been undertaken to assess the value of BRAF(More)