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In fruit fly research, chromosomal deletions are indispensable tools for mapping mutations, characterizing alleles and identifying interacting loci. Most widely used deletions were generated by irradiation or chemical mutagenesis. These methods are labor-intensive, generate random breakpoints and result in unwanted secondary mutations that can confound(More)
The stability of the Wnt pathway transcription factor beta-catenin is tightly regulated by the multi-subunit destruction complex. Deregulated Wnt pathway activity has been implicated in many cancers, making this pathway an attractive target for anticancer therapies. However, the development of targeted Wnt pathway inhibitors has been hampered by the limited(More)
The generation of anterior-posterior polarity during development in Drosophila requires the localization of determinant molecules to the anterior and posterior poles of the embryo. Localization of the maternally synthesized nanos RNA to the posterior pole of the embryo is essential to provide a source for a gradient of Nanos protein that directs abdomen(More)
Presenilin, the catalytic member of the gamma-secretase proteolytic complex, was discovered through its roles in generating Alzheimer's-disease-associated amyloid-beta peptides from the amyloid-beta precursor protein and in releasing the transcriptionally active domain of the receptor Notch. Recent work has revealed many additional cleavage substrates and(More)
In Drosophila melanogaster, nanos functions as a localized determinant of posterior pattern. Nanos RNA is localized to the posterior pole of the maturing egg cell and encodes a protein that emanates from this localized source. Nanos acts as a translational repressor and thereby establishes a gradient of the morphogen Hunchback. Here we show that the(More)
We determined the nucleotide sequence of a 4.6-kb EcoRI fragment containing 70% of the rosy locus. In combination with information on the 5' sequence, the gene has been sequenced in entirety. rosy cDNAs have been isolated and intron/exon boundaries have been determined. We find an open reading frame which spans four exons and would encode a protein of 1335(More)
Presenilins are components of the gamma-secretase protein complex that mediates intramembranous cleavage of betaAPP and Notch proteins. A C. elegans genetic screen revealed two genes, aph-1 and pen-2, encoding multipass transmembrane proteins, that interact strongly with sel-12/presenilin and aph-2/nicastrin. Human aph-1 and pen-2 partially rescue the C.(More)
The Drosophila Nanos protein is a localized repressor of hunchback mRNA translation in the early embryo, and is required for the establishment of the anterior-posterior body axis. Analysis of nanos mutants reveals that a small, evolutionarily conserved, C-terminal region is essential for Nanos function in vivo, while no other single portion of the Nanos(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), which results from the loss of expression of the survival of motor neuron-1 (SMN1) gene, represents the most common genetic cause of pediatric mortality. A duplicate copy (SMN2) is inefficiently spliced, producing a truncated and unstable protein. We describe herein a potent, orally active, small-molecule enhancer of SMN2(More)