Daniel Conway

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Place units in the dorsal hippocampus of the freely-moving rat signal the animal's position in an environment (place field). In the present experiments, thirty four place units were recorded in two different environments: one, a small platform where the rat had received neither training nor reward; the other, an elevated T-maze inside a set of black(More)
Oesophageal Doppler monitoring allows non-invasive estimation of stroke volume and cardiac output. We studied the impact of Doppler guided fluid optimisation on haemodynamic parameters, peri-operative morbidity and hospital stay in patients undergoing major bowel surgery. Fifty-seven patients were randomly assigned to Doppler (D) or control (C) groups. All(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies have detected associations between in utero antiretroviral therapy (ARV) exposure and birth defects but evidence is inconclusive. METHODS A total of 2202 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed children enrolled in the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 219 and 219 C protocols before 1 year of age were included. Birth defects(More)
BACKGROUND Although use of efficacious interventions, including antiretrovirals (ARVs), has dramatically reduced the rate of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, the safety of in utero ARV exposure remains of concern. METHODS Data regarding 1112 infants enrolled in the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical(More)
PROBLEM Fluid management during major surgery poses a challenge to the surgical team as postoperative complications are often related to giving the wrong amount of intravenous fluid. Postoperative morbidity can be reduced by using the oesophageal Doppler cardiac output monitor to individualise fluid administration, but this technology has not been widely(More)
Uninfected erythrocytes bind spontaneously to those infected with certain strains of Plasmodium falciparum. This is known as spontaneous erythrocyte rosetting. We have studied the occurrence and frequency of rosetting in 75 fresh patient isolates and have identified rosetting strains from Africa, South America, and Asia. Rosetting was present in 49% of the(More)
CONTEXT The anaesthetist must maintain tissue perfusion by ensuring optimal perioperative fluid balance. This can be achieved using less invasive cardiac output monitors such as oesophageal Doppler monitoring (ODM). Other less invasive cardiac output monitors using bio-impedence technology (noninvasive cardiac output monitoring, NICOM) may have a role in(More)
An infant girl of 36 weeks gestational age was found to have cardiovascular and other lethal internal anomalies in addition to characteristic external abnormalities of focal dermal hypoplasia (Goltz syndrome). The internal anomalies included truncus arteriosus type II with truncal origin of hypoplastic pulmonary arteries, cardiac ventricular septal defect,(More)
Continuous flow positive pressure devices bridge the gap between mechanical and unsupported ventilation in patients recovering from critical illness. At this point, patients are often fully awake, yet the inflated tracheostomy cuff prevents them from speaking or swallowing. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cuff deflation. After ethics(More)