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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common fatal autosomal recessive disorder characterized by degeneration of lower motor neurons, leading to progressive paralysis with muscular atrophy. The gene for SMA has been mapped to chromosome 5q13, where large-scale deletions have been reported. We describe here the inverted duplication of a 500 kb element in normal(More)
Mycorrhizal symbioses--the union of roots and soil fungi--are universal in terrestrial ecosystems and may have been fundamental to land colonization by plants. Boreal, temperate and montane forests all depend on ectomycorrhizae. Identification of the primary factors that regulate symbiotic development and metabolic activity will therefore open the door to(More)
It is well established that Rho-GTPases regulate vesicle fusion and fission events at the plasma membrane through their modulatory role on the cortical actin cytoskeleton. In contrast, their effects on intracellular transport processes and actin pools are less clear. It was recently shown that cdc42 associates with the Golgi apparatus in an ARF-dependent(More)
To investigate the longitudinal course of cognitive functions in boys with persistent and remittent attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from childhood into young adult years. Males (n=217) 15-31 years with and without ADHD were assessed at 3 time points over 10 years into young adulthood. Subjects were stratified into Remittent ADHD, and(More)
Grapevine leafroll disease (GLD) is one of the most important grapevine viral diseases affecting grapevines worldwide. The impact on vine health, crop yield, and quality is difficult to assess due to a high number of variables, but significant economic losses are consistently reported over the lifespan of a vineyard if intervention strategies are not(More)
Many bipolar affective disorder (BD) susceptibility loci have been identified but the molecular mechanisms responsible for the disease remain to be elucidated. In the locus 4p16, several candidate genes were identified but none of them was definitively shown to be associated with BD. In this region, the PPP2R2C gene encodes the Bgamma-regulatory subunit of(More)
Recent work in Information Retrieval (IR) using Deep Learning models has yielded state of the art results on a variety of IR tasks. Deep neural networks (DNN) are capable of learning ideal representations of data during the training process, removing the need for independently extracting features. However, the structures of these DNNs are often tailored to(More)
Partial genomic sequences of two divergent grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) variants, NZ1-B and NZ2, from New Zealand were determined and analysed (11,827 nt and 7,612 nt, respectively). At the nucleotide level, both variants are more than 20 % different from the previously published GLRaV-3 sequences, from phylogenetic groups 1 to 5.(More)
Kallmann syndrome associates hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia and is probably due to a defect in the embryonic migration of olfactory and GnRH-synthesizing neurons. The Kallmann gene had been localized to Xp22.3. In this study 67 kb of genomic DNA, corresponding to a deletion interval containing at least part of the Kallmann gene, were sequenced.(More)