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INTRODUCTION Folate receptor alpha (FRA) regulates cellular uptake of folates and antifolates. Information about FRA protein expression in metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is limited. We investigated FRA as a biomarker for pemetrexed-based chemotherapy and compared it with thymidylate synthase (TS), the main target of pemetrexed. METHODS(More)
AIMS TP53 mutations are extremely rare in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). In TP53 wild-type tumors, the functional p53 protein can be inactivated by MDM2. MATERIALS & METHODS A total of 61 patient samples were tested for their Mdm2 and p53 protein expression levels via immunohistochemistry. RESULTS This study demonstrates nuclear Mdm2 expression(More)
INTRODUCTION Platinum-based chemotherapy is besides the standard antifolate therapy with pemetrexed, the cornerstone for treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), and its efficacy depends on several DNA repair enzymes. Therefore, these enzymes could be biomarkers for "tailoring" chemotherapy. This study evaluated enzymes involved in(More)
BACKGROUND Proteasomal subunit PSMB4 was suggested to be a survival gene in an animal model of hepatocellular carcinoma and in glioblastoma cell lines. In pulmonary adenocarcinoma, a high expression of these genes was found to be associated with poor differentiation and survival. This study investigates the gene expression levels of 26S proteasome subunits(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The typical and atypical carcinoid (TC and AC), the large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and the small-cell lung cancers (SCLC) are subgroups of pulmonary tumours that show neuroendocrine differentiations. With the rising impact of molecular pathology in routine(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the major cause of cancer death worldwide. Mediastinal lymph node staging is important for pretreatment lung cancer management. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a well established method for mediastinal lymph node staging. Although EBUS-TBNA samples are much smaller than surgical lymph(More)
BACKGROUND Tubulin-binding agents (TBAs) are effective in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. Both βIII- and βV-tubulins are expressed by cancer cells and may lead to resistance against TBAs. METHODS Pre-treatment samples from 65 locally advanced or oligometastatic NSCLC patients, who underwent uniform induction chemotherapy with paclitaxel and(More)
BACKGROUND Pemetrexed-based chemotherapy represents the standard of care in first-line treatment of advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). However, there are no established predictors of clinical benefit. Pemetrexed inhibits multiple enzymes involved in pyrimidine and purine synthesis, but the main target is thymidylate synthase (TS). After cellular(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small (∼22 nucleotides), non-coding, highly conserved single-stranded RNAs with posttranscriptional regulatory features, including the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, and apoptosis. They are deregulated in a broad variety of tumors showing characteristic expression patterns and can, thus, be(More)
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) inhibitors belong to a new class of drugs for the treatment of malignant diseases. They selectively act against a target (Plk1) which is involved in different stages of mitosis such as centrosome maturation, spindle formation, chromosome separation and cytokinesis. Because Plk1 is mainly expressed in proliferating tissues and(More)