Daniel Chrastina

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We report on high speed operation of a Ge/SiGe multiple quantum well (MQW) electro-absorption modulator in a waveguide configuration. 23 GHz bandwidth is experimentally demonstrated from a 3 µm wide and 90 µm long Ge/SiGe MQW waveguide. The modulator exhibits a high extinction ratio of more than 10 dB over a wide spectral range. Moreover with a swing(More)
The room temperature photoluminescence from Ge nanopillars has been extended from 1.6 μm to above 2.25 μm wavelength through the application of tensile stress from silicon nitride stressors deposited by inductively-coupled-plasma plasma-enhanced chemical-vapour-deposition. Photoluminescence measurements demonstrate biaxial equivalent tensile strains of up(More)
We investigate the room-temperature quantum-confined Stark effect in Ge/SiGe multiple quantum wells (MQWs) grown by low-energy plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The active region is embedded in a p-i-n diode, and absorption spectra at different reverse bias voltages are obtained from optical transmission, photocurrent, and differential transmission(More)
Quantum structures made from epitaxial semiconductor layers have revolutionized our understanding of low-dimensional systems and are used for ultrafast transistors, semiconductor lasers, and detectors. Strain induced by different lattice parameters and thermal properties offers additional degrees of freedom for tailoring materials, but often at the expense(More)
Si(1-x)Ge(x) islands grown on Si patterned substrates have received considerable attention during the last decade for potential applications in microelectronics and optoelectronics. In this work we propose a new methodology to grow Ge-rich islands using a chemical vapour deposition technique. Electron-beam lithography is used to pre-pattern Si substrates,(More)
Direct-gap gain up to 850 cm(-1) at 0.74 eV is measured and modeled in optically pumped Ge-on-Si layers for photoexcited carrier densities of 2.0 × 10(20) cm(-3). The gain spectra are correlated to carrier density via plasma-frequency determinations from reflection spectra. Despite significant gain, optical amplification cannot take place, because the(More)
Electro-absorption from GeSi heterostructures is receiving growing attention as a high performance optical modulator for short distance optical interconnects. Ge incorporation with Si allows strong modulation mechanism using the Franz-Keldysh effect and the quantum-confined Stark effect from bulk and quantum well structures at telecommunication wavelengths.(More)
The continued downscaling in SiGe heterostructures is approaching the point at which lateral confinement leads to a uniaxial strain state, giving high enhancements of the charge carrier mobility. Investigation of the strain relaxation as induced by the patterning of a continuous SiGe layer is thus of scientific and technological importance. In the present(More)
We report room-temperature quantum-confined Stark effect in Ge/SiGe multiple quantum wells (MQWs) with light propagating parallel to the plane of the Ge/SiGe MQWs for applications in integrated photonics. Planar waveguides embedded in a p-i-n diode are fabricated in order to investigate the absorption spectra at different reverse bias voltages from optical(More)
The fabrication of advanced devices increasingly requires materials with different properties to be combined in the form of monolithic heterostructures. In practice this means growing epitaxial semiconductor layers on substrates often greatly differing in lattice parameters and thermal expansion coefficients. With increasing layer thickness the relaxation(More)