Daniel Chappard

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Silver nitrate staining of decalcified bone sections is known to reveal osteocyte canaliculi and cement lines. Nucleolar Organising Regions (NOR) are part of the nucleolus, containing argyrophilic proteins (nucleoclin/C23, nucleophosmin/B23) that can be identified by silver staining at low pH. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism explaining(More)
Botulism is a generalized paralyzing disease caused by the toxin of Clostridium botulinum (BTX). The toxin acts 3-4 days after injection by blocking the release of acetylcholine to the muscle. Six Wistar rats received a 2-U injection of BTX in the right quadriceps. Six rats were similarly injected with saline and were used as control. Paralysis of the(More)
Porous structures are becoming more and more important in biology and material science because they help in reducing the density of the grafted material. For biomaterials, porosity also increases the accessibility of cells and vessels inside the grafted area. However, descriptors of porosity are scanty. We have used a series of biomaterials with different(More)
Bone quality is a complex set of intricated and interdependent factors that influence bone strength. A number of methods have emerged to measure bone quality, taking into account the organic or the mineral phase of the bone matrix, in the laboratory. Bone quality is a complex set of different factors that are interdependent. The bone matrix organization can(More)
OBJECTIVES Molecular events occurring in the bone marrow microenvironment of an immobilized mouse limb after Botulinum toxin (BTX) injection haven't been characterized. BTX injection induces a localized disuse in which the tissue events have well been characterized. METHODS BTX injection was performed in the right quadriceps; saline injection in the left(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis contributes to proliferation and metastatic dissemination of cancer cells. Anatomy of blood vessels in tumors has been characterized with 2D techniques (histology or angiography). They are not fully representative of the trajectories of vessels throughout the tissues and are not adapted to analyze changes occurring inside the bone(More)
Quantitative histology of bone changes, using undecalcified transiliac bone biopsies (UTBB), was performed blindly in 46 individuals with monoclonal gammopathy (MG), including 17 with MG of undetermined significance (MGUS) and 29 with overt multiple myeloma (MM). Three MGUS presented an excess of osteoclastic resorption (OR) in the vicinity of clusters of(More)
The preferential proliferation of cancer cells in the bone microenvironment is poorly characterised. Expression pattern of bone marrow and other organ microenvironment in contact with osteolytic (Walker W256) and osteoblastic (MatLyLu MLL) metastases were investigated. Fisher and Copenhagen rats received, respectively, W256 and MLL cells injection. Bone and(More)
In man, hypogonadism is a risk factor for osteoporosis. Orchidectomy (ORX) in the rat leads to an imbalance between resorption and formation resulting in bone loss. We have measured whole body weight, lean and fat mass, whole bone mass (BMC) in the ORX rat model by dual X-ray densitometry (DXA). Forty-eight male Wistar rats (18-19 weeks old) were studied at(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze bone microarchitecture and macroarchitecture of tibia in a disuse model in growing rats. Eight-weeks-old Copenhagen rats were injected intramuscularly with 1.5 units BTX in the quadriceps muscle of the right hind limb. Saline injection was done at the left hind limb to serve as control. Five rats were killed at day 1 and(More)