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Osteoporosis may complicate iron overload diseases such as genetic hemochromatosis. However, molecular mechanisms involved in the iron-related osteoporosis remains poorly understood. Recent in vitro studies support a role of osteoblast impairment in iron-related osteoporosis. Our aim was to analyse the impact of excess iron in Hfe-/- mice on osteoblast(More)
Silver nitrate staining of decalcified bone sections is known to reveal osteocyte canaliculi and cement lines. Nucleolar Organising Regions (NOR) are part of the nucleolus, containing argyrophilic proteins (nucleoclin/C23, nucleophosmin/B23) that can be identified by silver staining at low pH. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism explaining(More)
Botulism is a generalized paralyzing disease caused by the toxin of Clostridium botulinum (BTX). The toxin acts 3-4 days after injection by blocking the release of acetylcholine to the muscle. Six Wistar rats received a 2-U injection of BTX in the right quadriceps. Six rats were similarly injected with saline and were used as control. Paralysis of the(More)
Bone quality is a complex set of intricated and interdependent factors that influence bone strength. A number of methods have emerged to measure bone quality, taking into account the organic or the mineral phase of the bone matrix, in the laboratory. Bone quality is a complex set of different factors that are interdependent. The bone matrix organization can(More)
Porous structures are becoming more and more important in biology and material science because they help in reducing the density of the grafted material. For biomaterials, porosity also increases the accessibility of cells and vessels inside the grafted area. However, descriptors of porosity are scanty. We have used a series of biomaterials with different(More)
The NF-kappaB signaling pathway is known to play an important role in the regulation of osteoclastic bone resorption and cancer cell growth. Previous studies have shown that genetic inactivation of IkappaB kinase (IKK), a key component of NF-kappaB signaling, inhibits osteoclastogenesis, but the effects of pharmacologic IKK inhibitors on osteolytic bone(More)
OBJECTIVES Molecular events occurring in the bone marrow microenvironment of an immobilized mouse limb after Botulinum toxin (BTX) injection haven't been characterized. BTX injection induces a localized disuse in which the tissue events have well been characterized. METHODS BTX injection was performed in the right quadriceps; saline injection in the left(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis contributes to proliferation and metastatic dissemination of cancer cells. Anatomy of blood vessels in tumors has been characterized with 2D techniques (histology or angiography). They are not fully representative of the trajectories of vessels throughout the tissues and are not adapted to analyze changes occurring inside the bone(More)
Quantitative histology of bone changes, using undecalcified transiliac bone biopsies (UTBB), was performed blindly in 46 individuals with monoclonal gammopathy (MG), including 17 with MG of undetermined significance (MGUS) and 29 with overt multiple myeloma (MM). Three MGUS presented an excess of osteoclastic resorption (OR) in the vicinity of clusters of(More)