Daniel Cerquetti

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pathological gambling (PG) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a frequent impulse control disorder associated mainly with dopamine replacement therapy. As impairments in decision-making were described independently in PG and PD, the objective of this study was to assess decision-making processes in PD patients with and without PG. (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between the autonomic nervous system basal state and performance in decision-making tasks. BACKGROUND The link between performance in decision-making tasks and acute changes in autonomic parameters during their execution has been extensively investigated. However, there is lacking evidence regarding the relationship(More)
It has been suggested that potential risk of hemiballismus after subthalamotomy makes DBS preferable to ablation for IPD treatment; however, cost and the need for regular electrode control have also been observed as disadvantages to stimulation. The objective was to compare efficacy and safety of different surgical approaches to STN, in a prospective(More)
Parkinson's disease is marked by neurodegenerative processes that affect the pattern of discharge of basal ganglia neurons. The main features observed in the parkinsonian globus pallidus pars interna (GPi), a subdomain of the basal ganglia that is involved in the regulation of voluntary movement, are pathologically increased and synchronized neuronal(More)
OBJECTIVE The neural code used by the basal ganglia is a current question in neuroscience, relevant for the understanding of the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease. While a rate code is known to participate in the communication between the basal ganglia and the motor thalamus/cortex, different lines of evidence have also favored the presence of complex(More)
A new working hypothesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) proposes to focus on the central role of entropy increase in the basal ganglia (BG) in movement disorders. The conditions necessary for entropy increase in vivo are, however, still not fully described. We recorded the activity of single globus pallidus pars interna neurons during the transition from deep(More)
We studied 516 globus pallidus neurons in dystonic patients. The firing rate was analysed. We classified the burst activity into tonic, burst, and pause patterns. Mean +/- SD firing rates and tonicity score for internal globus pallidus (GPi) and external globus pallidus (GPe) were 54.6 +/- 28.6; 58.01 +/- 39.1 and 1.18 +/- 0.55; 0.95 +/- 0.43, respectively.(More)
The objective of this study was to describe the firing characteristics of the zona incerta (ZI) in Parkinson's disease patients. The ZI constitutes a band of gray matter lying dorsal to the subthalamic nucleus, whose firing properties have not been well defined in humans yet. ZI proved to become hyperactive in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats as compared to normal(More)
OBJECTIVES Over the past few years many reports have shown that posteroventral pallidotomy is an effective method for treating advanced cases of Parkinson's disease. The main differences with earlier descriptions were the use of standardised evaluation with new high resolution MRI studies and of single cell microrecording which can electrophysiologically(More)
Eight of the first 15 patients with advanced Parkinson's disease who underwent microelectrode guided posteroventral pallidotomy developed transient abnormal involuntary movements during thermolesion, four of whom also did so during high frequency macrostimulation. Abnormal involuntary movements found before thermolesion were choreic, ballistic, or(More)