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Before they infect red blood cells and cause malaria, Plasmodium parasites undergo an obligate and clinically silent expansion phase in the liver that is supposedly undetected by the host. Here, we demonstrate the engagement of a type I interferon (IFN) response during Plasmodium replication in the liver. We identified Plasmodium RNA as a previously(More)
The spectrum of the clinical presentation and severity of malaria infections is broad, ranging from uncomplicated febrile illness to severe forms of disease such as cerebral malaria (CM), acute lung injury (ALI), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) or severe anemia (SA). Rodent models that mimic human CM, PAM and(More)
Plasmodium, the causative agent of malaria, must first infect hepatocytes to initiate a mammalian infection. Sporozoites migrate through several hepatocytes, by breaching their plasma membranes, before infection is finally established in one of them. Here we show that wounding of hepatocytes by sporozoite migration induces the secretion of hepatocyte growth(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) have been proposed as mediators of immunity against malaria parasites, as well as a target for inhibition of cellular responses. Here we describe the transcriptomic analysis of spleen DCs in response to Plasmodium infection in a rodent model. We identified a high number of unique transcripts modulated in DCs upon infection. Many(More)
Antibodies that neutralize infectivity of malaria sporozoites target the central repeat region of the circumsporozoite (CS) protein, which in Plasmodium falciparum is comprised primarily of 30-40 tandem NANP tetramer repeats. We evaluated immunogenicity of an alum-adsorbed (NANP)(6) peptide conjugated to an outer membrane protein complex (OMPC) derived from(More)
Immunization with Plasmodium sporozoites can elicit high levels of sterile immunity, and neutralizing antibodies from protected hosts are known to target the repeat region of the circumsporozoite (CS) protein on the parasite surface. CS-based subunit vaccines have been hampered by suboptimal immunogenicity and the requirement for strong adjuvants to elicit(More)
The cAMP pathway activates p38-MAPKs in the FRTL-5 rat thyroid cell line, contributing to the increased expression of the Na+/I- symporter (NIS) mRNA. This study investigates the cAMP-dependent expression and transcriptional activity of the p38-MAPK substrate CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP). CHOP is expressed in the rat thyroid(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages phagocytose pathogens and degrade them in their phagosomes to allow for proper presentation of foreign antigens to other cells of the immune system. The Plasmodium parasite, causative agent of malaria, infects RBC that are phagocytosed by DC and macrophages during the course of infection. Under specific conditions, the(More)
Intranasal (IN) immunization with a Plasmodium circumsporozoite (CS) protein conjugated to flagellin, a Toll-like receptor 5 agonist, was found to elicit antibody-mediated protective immunity in our previous murine studies. To better understand IN-elicited immune responses, we examined the nasopharynx-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) in immunized mice and(More)
Infection with Plasmodium is the cause of malaria, a disease characterized by a high inflammatory response in the blood. Dendritic cells (DC) participate in both adaptive and innate immune responses, influencing the generation of inflammatory responses. DC can be activated through different receptors, which recognize specific molecules in microbes and(More)