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Factors influencing brain uptake of benzodiazepine derivatives were evaluated in adult Sprague Dawley rats (n=8–10 per drug). Animals received single intraperitoneal doses of alprazolam, triazolam, lorazepam, flunitrazepam, diazepam, midazolam, desmethyldiazepam, or clobazam. Concentrations of each drug (and metabolites) in whole brain and serum 1 h after(More)
This paper describes a highly specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay for alpha-human atrial natriuretic factor (alpha-hANF), the C-terminal 28-amino-acid residue portion of human prepro-ANF in human plasma. A novel extraction and prepurification procedure allowed for detection of levels of immunoreactive-alpha-hANF as low as 0.5 fmol/ml. In normotensive(More)
Biologically active peptide hormones and neurotransmitters have been shown to be enzymatically liberated from larger, inactive precursor molecules by tissue-specific post-translational processing, particularly at the typical cleavage signals of paired basic residues. Subsequent N-terminal or C-terminal modifications may be of importance in regulating the(More)
Bovine adrenal medullary chromaffin cells, prelabeled with [3H]norepinephrine, released a large proportion of cellular 3H-labeled catecholamines (CAs) when stimulated with nicotine, K+, histamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and several peptidic hormones [bradykinin, angiotensin II, thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and neurotensin]. The(More)
The concentrations of dynorphin A1-8 and Met-enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8 were measured in the basal ganglia of postmortem brains from patients with Huntington's disease (HD) and from control subjects. A significant reduction of dynorphin A1-8 concentration was found in caudate nucleus, putamen, external globus pallidus and substantia nigra of HD brains.(More)
Histamine is a potent secretagogue for opioid pentapeptides (Met- and Leu-enkephalin) in adrenal chromaffin cells in vitro. This effect is dependent on extracellular Ca2+ and is reduced by Ca2+ channel blockers such as Co2+, D 600, and nifedipine. Moreover, histamine also produced a profound compensatory increase in cellular peptide content after 48 h of(More)
The postnatal development of several pro-enkephalin-B-derived opioid peptides - dynorphin 1-17, dynorphin 1-8, dynorphin B, alpha-neo-endorphin and beta-neo-endorphin - was examined in rat pituitary lobes. The concentrations of pro-enkephalin-B-derived peptides from the anterior pituitary were between 4- and 12-fold and those from the neurointermediate(More)
One of the most attractive features offered by a framework is the ability to support the design process of complex CAD, CAE and CASE projects. Within the JESSI Comn Framework (JCF), user, data, and tools that combine to form a design process are configured and executed in a single coherent fashion. This paper outlines the primary capabilities o~ered by the(More)
The nicotine-induced release of catecholamines and opioid peptides from bovine chromaffin cells is inhibited by the amidated opioid peptide amidorphin. The active site of this inhibitory activity is located at the peptide's C-Terminus, which is, in contrast to the N-terminal sequence TYR-GLY-GLY-PHE, not responsible for the opioidergic activity of opioid(More)
We have recently isolated from bovine adrenal medulla a novel C-terminally amidated opioid peptide, amidorphin, which derives from proenkephalin A. Amidorphin revealed a widespread distribution in bovine, ovine, and porcine tissue. Particularly high concentrations of amidorphin immunoreactivity were detected in adrenal medulla, posterior pituitary, and(More)