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This study replicated Campion and Thayefs (1985) research, which drew from many disciplines (e.g., psychology, engineering, human factors, physiology) to demonstrate four approaches to job design and their corresponding outcomes: motivational approach with satisfaction outcomes, mech-anistic approach with efficiency outcomes, biological approach with(More)
Certain kinds of arousal in response to challenge situations reflect conditioning that makes one adaptive to task demands. A growing literature implicates chronic stress as a factor degenerating this conditioning. This study investigated the relation between objective occupational demands to which workers were classified for at least 2 years and various(More)
Early research on life-stress grappled with the question of whether significant life-events bring about changes in health status. The emphasis has now shifted to the identification of factors that explain why some people seem to be so severely affected by life's adversities and others are not. From a class of what might be called 'vulnerability variables'(More)
The authors tested the ability of stressful demands and personal control in the workplace to predict employees' subsequent health care costs in a sample of 105 full-time nurses. Both subjective and objective measures of workload demands interacted with personal control perceptions in predicting the cumulative health care costs over the ensuing 5-year(More)
Trait negative affectivity (NA) has been asserted to be a factor that spuriously inflates relationships between self-reported stressors and self-reported strain outcomes. We tested this hypothesis with conventional work stress instrument responses and physiological assessments obtained from 311 fire and police department employees. Confirmatory factor(More)
The nomological validity of the Type A behavior pattern was explored. The Structured Interview (SI) and a battery of personality trait, physical health, and strain measures were administered to an occupationally diverse sample of 568 workers. Ss were also monitored for physiological reactivity and recovery (blood pressure, heart rate, skin temperature, and(More)
This study's premise is that ingratiation and organizational citizenship behaviors are similar hut that supervisors will respond differently to employees depending on whether they lahel their extrarole behaviors as ingratiation or as organizational citizenship hehavior (OCB). Variables based on Kelley's covariation model did not greatly influence(More)
In this study, the authors proposed and tested a 3-way interaction among positive affectivity (PA), job satisfaction, and tenure in predicting negative employee outcomes. Specifically, the authors predicted that the relationship between job satisfaction and negative outcomes would be stronger for high PAs and that this relationship would be more pronounced(More)