Daniel Burnel

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Pregnant rats were treated orally with aluminum lactate (400 mg Al/kg/day) during three periods of gestation to determine the treatment's influence on mortality, weight gain, neuromotor maturation, and learning abilities of their pups. No effect of treatment on litter size, mortality rate, and weight gain of pups was detected. In the negative geotaxis test,(More)
Pregnant or nonpregnant female rats were orally intoxicated by aluminum lactate (400 mg Al/kg/d) from d 0–19 of gestation to determine the treatment's influence on element variations in the females and their fetuses. The aluminum levels of plasma, liver, spleen, and kidneys were significantly higher in treated pregnant rats than non-pregnant female rats.(More)
Male rats were treated daily with an intraperitoneal injection of 15 mg aluminum (Al chloride)/kg body weight for 17 d, in order to study the effects on superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in the brain (cortex). No significant difference between control and treated animals was registered in the Cu/Zn and Mn SOD activities in the gray matter of the cortex.(More)
This comparative study of the intestinal absorption of four toxic metals (aluminum, manganese, nickel, and lead) carried out in rats using the in situ intestinal perfusion technique was able to measure the partition of each metal between the intestine (intestinal retention), the blood circulation, and target tissues after 1 h. The perfused metal solutions(More)
Female rats received an ip injection of aluminum chloride, (10 mg Al/kg/d) during the first 12 d after parturition; this treatment led to a reduction in food intake associated with a reduction in body wt. Pups of the intoxicated dams showed a growth retardation after postnatal day 7. One day after treatment, the female rats intoxicated with aluminum had a(More)
This research aimed to estimate potential genotoxicity for consumers resulting from the ingestion of seafood contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) released into the marine environment after the 'Erika' shipwreck along the coasts of south Brittany, in France. Mussels (Mytilus sp.) collected from sites on the Atlantic coast that were(More)
Electroplating effluents were tested for their genotoxicity with the micronucleus test on newt larvae. The metallic content of the tested samples was responsible for the induction of micronuclei in red blood cells (RBC). Then, iron (Fe3+), chromium (Cr3+, Cr6+) and zinc (Zn2+) which were identified in these samples, were tested either separately or(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are known to be specific inducers of CYP1A1 expression in vertebrates. CYP1A1 induction has been widely studied in mammal cell cultures or in vivo, in conditions of exposure to single PAH chemicals. Here, we studied the possible transfer of PAH to rats via the food chain in environmentally-relevant conditions. Rats(More)
Since desferrioxamine exhibits toxic effects, the possible use of several other therapeutic agents in acute aluminum intoxication has been investigated in this study. The potential for the chelation of aluminum (Al) by different compounds has been first determined using two in vitro techniques. The formation of stable complexes with Al in an aqueous(More)