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Random screening provided no suitable lead structures in a search for novel inhibitors of the bacterial enzyme DNA gyrase. Therefore, an alternative approach had to be developed. Relying on the detailed 3D structural information of the targeted ATP binding site, our approach combines as key techniques (1) an in silico screening for potential low molecular(More)
Since its discovery in 1988 by Yanagisawa et al., endothelin (ET), a potent vasoconstrictor, has been widely implicated in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal diseases. Many research groups have embarked on the discovery and development of ET receptor antagonists for the treatment of such diseases. While several compounds,(More)
The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum degrades host cell hemoglobin inside an acidic food vacuole during the blood stage of the infectious cycle. A number of aspartic proteinases called plasmepsins (PMs) have been identified to play important roles in this degradation process and therefore generated significant interest as new antimalarial targets.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Amiodarone (2-n-butyl-3-[3,5 diiodo-4-diethylaminoethoxybenzoyl]-benzofuran, B2-O-CH(2)CH(2)-N-diethyl) is an effective class III antiarrhythmic drug demonstrating potentially life-threatening organ toxicity. The principal aim of the study was to find amiodarone analogues that retained human ether-a-go-go-related protein (hERG)(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a widespread lysophospholipid which displays a wealth of biological effects. Extracellular S1P conveys its activity through five specific G-protein coupled receptors numbered S1P(1) through S1P(5). Agonists of the S1P(1) receptor block the egress of T-lymphocytes from thymus and lymphoid organs and hold promise for the oral(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana constitutive disease resistance 1 (CDR1) gene product is an aspartic proteinase that has been implicated in disease resistance signaling (Xia, Y., Suzuki, H., Borevitz, J., Blount, J., Guo, Z., Patel, K., Dixon, R. A., and Lamb, C. (2004) EMBO J. 23, 980-988). This apoplastic enzyme is a member of the group of "atypical" plant(More)
The discovery of a new series of piperidine-based renin inhibitors is described herein. SAR optimization upon the P3 renin sub-pocket is described, leading to the discovery of 9 and 41, two bioavailable renin inhibitors orally active at low doses in a transgenic rat model of hypertension.
Starting from the structure of bosentan (1), we embarked on a medicinal chemistry program aiming at the identification of novel potent dual endothelin receptor antagonists with high oral efficacy. This led to the discovery of a novel series of alkyl sulfamide substituted pyrimidines. Among these, compound 17 (macitentan, ACT-064992) emerged as particularly(More)