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Augmentation of nicotinic alpha7 receptor function is considered to be a potential therapeutic strategy aimed at ameliorating cognitive and mnemonic dysfunction in relation to debilitating pathological conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. In the present report, a novel positive allosteric modulator of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine(More)
The exact subunit combinations of functional native acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) have not been established yet, but both homomeric and heteromeric channels are likely to exist. To determine the ability of different subunits to assemble into heteromeric channels, a number of ASIC1a-, ASIC1b-, ASIC2a-, ASIC2b-, and ASIC3-containing homo- and heteromeric(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several agonists of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) have been developed for treatment of cognitive deficits. However, agonist efficacy in vivo is difficult to reconcile with rapid alpha7 nAChR desensitization in vitro; and furthermore, the correlation between in vitro receptor efficacy and in vivo behavioural(More)
Enhancement of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) activity is considered a therapeutic approach for ameliorating cognitive deficits present in Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. In this study, we describe the in vitro profile of a novel selective alpha7 nAChR agonist, 5-(6-[(3R)-1-azabicyclo[2,2,2]oct-3-yloxy]pyridazin-3-yl)-1H-indole(More)
The gamma-aminobutyric acid, type A (GABA(A)) receptor is a chloride-conducting receptor composed of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits assembled in a pentameric structure forming a central pore. Each subunit has a large extracellular agonist binding domain and four transmembrane domains (M1-M4), with the second transmembrane (M2) domain lining the pore.(More)
Neuronal acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) of the alpha7 subtype are ligand-gated ion channels that are widely distributed throughout the central nervous system and considered as attractive targets for the treatment of various neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. Both agonists and positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) are being developed as means(More)
The present study evaluates how four key amino acid residue positions (- 4' to - 1') within the M1-M2 linker of the GABA(A) receptor beta subunit influences ion selectivity of a cation-conducting GABA receptor. Cation selectivity was found to be highly dependent on the side-chains of the amino acid residues present. The critical factor for cation(More)
The alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) plays an important role in cognitive processes and may represent a drug target for treating cognitive deficits in neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. In the present study, we used a novel alpha7 nAChR-selective agonist, 2-methyl-5-(6-phenyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole(More)
PURPOSE The outstanding diversity of cellular properties mediated by neuronal and nonneuronal alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (alpha7 nAChR) points to the diagnostic potential of quantitative nuclear molecular imaging of alpha7 nAChR in neurology and oncology. It was our goal to radiolabel the alpha7 nAChR agonist(More)
Deciphering which specific agonist-receptor interactions affect efficacy levels is of high importance, because this will ultimately aid in designing selective drugs. The novel compound NS3861 and cytisine are agonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and both bind with high affinity to heteromeric α3β4 and α4β2 nAChRs. However, initial data(More)