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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The main objective of this study was to compare the sensorimotor performance of the unaffected upper extremity (UE) of elderly stroke patients with that of healthy elderly people. METHODS The group of stroke patients was composed of 43 hemiplegic/paretic subjects who had had a cerebrovascular accident at least 6 months earlier. They(More)
The goal of the present study was to compare electromyogram (EMG) power spectra obtained from step (constant force level) and ramp (progressive increase in the force level) isometric contractions. Data windows of different durations were also analysed for the step contractions, in order to evaluate the stability of EMG power spectrum statistics. Fourteen(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine, using the Muscular Utilization Ratio (MUR) method, whether plantarflexor weakness is among the factors preventing stroke subjects from walking at faster speeds. Potential compensations by the hip flexors were also examined. DESIGN A convenience sample of 17 chronic stroke subjects in a context of a descriptive study. BACKGROUND(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous studies have shown that recovery of recordable grip strength in acute stroke subjects is one of the most sensitive assessments of initial upper limb recovery and a good prognostic factor for latter recovery. The objectives of this study were to test the reliability of maximal voluntary grip force (MVGF) measures and evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects a motor reeducation approach based on static dynamometers used to provide feedback on the force produced. DESIGN The study design was a single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Chronic stroke subjects participated in a 6-wk, thrice-weekly, force-feedback program of either the upper paretic limb (n = 13) or the lower(More)
Analysis of lateral displacement (LD) in the frontal plane during gait could provide information about asymmetric impairments and balance disorders for patients with stroke. The purpose of this study was to quantify the LD and lateral acceleration (LA) of the shoulders and pelvis of patients who were hemiparetic and walking at slow, natural, and fast speeds(More)
It has been proposed that the mean power frequency (MPF) of the electromyogram (EMG) power spectrum increases gradually with force of contraction and that this increase is a function of the fiber-type content of the muscle investigated and the inter-electrode distance (IED) used when recording the EMG signals. In order to test these hypotheses, the values(More)
The aim of this study was to determine, by simulation on real data, the effect of modifying the direction or effectiveness of a given force amplitude on the load sustained by the shoulder estimated by joint forces and moments. Kinematics and kinetics data were recorded on 14 manual wheelchair users 68.2+/-5.2 years for 10 s at sub-maximal speed (0.96-1.01(More)