Daniel Bourbonnais

Sylvie Nadeau6
Robert Forget4
Denis Gravel4
Joseph-Omer Dyer3
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OBJECTIVE To assess the effects a motor reeducation approach based on static dynamometers used to provide feedback on the force produced. DESIGN The study design was a single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Chronic stroke subjects participated in a 6-wk, thrice-weekly, force-feedback program of either the upper paretic limb (n = 13) or the lower(More)
Analysis of lateral displacement (LD) in the frontal plane during gait could provide information about asymmetric impairments and balance disorders for patients with stroke. The purpose of this study was to quantify the LD and lateral acceleration (LA) of the shoulders and pelvis of patients who were hemiparetic and walking at slow, natural, and fast speeds(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare kinematics of 3-dimensional pointing movements performed in a virtual environment (VE) displayed through a head-mounted display with those made in a physical environment. DESIGN Observational study of movement in poststroke and healthy subjects. SETTING Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Adults (n=15; 4 women; 59+/-15.4y)(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the head and trunk equilibrium strategies while walking forwards and backwards under different conditions (eyes open vs. closed, hard vs. soft surface) in a sample of 11 consenting healthy adult subjects. Nine markers placed on the subject allowed us to record the kinematics of the head, spine and pelvis segments(More)
Stroke patients often exhibit large imbalances in strength between the two upper limbs (ULs) and between the different muscle groups of the paretic UL. The aim of the study was to compare the ability of hemiparetic and normal subjects to produce symmetrical forces with both ULs and to determine whether the differences between force vectors can be predicted(More)
BACKGROUND Following a stroke, strength gain of the trained affected lower-limb muscles has been observed to result in a change in gait speed, but its effect on other variables related to gait performance has scarcely been studied. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of strength gain of the affected plantarflexors and hip flexors on bilateral(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to examine the associations between impairments of the paretic limb, locomotor capacities and kinematic variables in the frontal plane during walking. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS Ten community-dwelling individuals with chronic hemiparesis due to a cerebrovascular accident. METHODS Frontal plane kinematics of the(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal coactivation of leg extensors is often observed on the paretic side of stroke patients while they attempt to move. The mechanisms underlying this coactivation are not well understood. This study (1) compares the coactivation of leg extensors during static contractions in stroke and healthy individuals, and (2) assesses whether this(More)
Changes in reflex spinal pathways after stroke have been shown to affect motor activity in agonist and antagonist muscles acting at the same joint. However, only a few studies have evaluated the heteronymous reflex pathways modulating motoneuronal activity at different joints. This study investigates whether there are changes in the spinal facilitatory and(More)
The aims of the present study were to characterize the thumb active range of motion (AROM) and strength impairments resulting from unilateral de Quervain's disease; to verify the adequacy of standard clinical assessment tools to quantify impairments resulting from this pathology; and to validate the utilization of the asymptomatic thumb as a reference to(More)