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Estrogens have long been implicated in influencing cognitive processes, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects and the roles of the estrogen receptors alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta) remain unclear. Using pharmacological, biochemical and behavioral techniques, we demonstrate that the effects of estrogen on hippocampal synaptic plasticity(More)
In the present study, we have characterized properties of steroid withdrawal using a pseudopregnant rat model. This paradigm results in increased production of endogenous progesterone from ovarian sources and as such is a useful physiological model. "Withdrawal" from progesterone induced by ovariectomy on day 12 of pseudopregnancy resulted in increased(More)
Systemically-administered dopaminergic drugs have been found to facilitate sexual behavior of men and male rats. The present experiments investigated the localization within the brain of dopaminergic effects on copulation of male rats. Apomorphine, a dopamine agonist, was microinfused into the medial preoptic area, caudate-putamen, nucleus accumbens,(More)
Pharmacological influences on male rat sexual behavior are reviewed in an attempt to identify neurotransmitters and their respective receptor types that regulate various factors comprising the behavioral pattern. Evidence is presented that: (1) serotonergic influence is generally inhibitory to sexual behavior, although two receptor subtypes may lower(More)
The effects of intracerebroventricular administration of reduced metabolites of progesterone on locomotor activity and on exploration in the elevated plus-maze were assessed in adult female rats. Allopregnanolone (3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one; 1.25, 5.0, and 10 micrograms) and pregnanolone (3 alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-pregnan-20-one; 2.5, 5.0, and 10(More)
The putative psychotropic effect of the anabolic-androgenic steroid, testosterone propionate (TP), was determined in intact adult male rats after 1 or 2 weeks of continued exposure via subcutaneously implanted capsules. Behavior was assessed in a novel open-field arena and in the elevated plus-maze. In addition, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-stimulated(More)
Previous studies from this laboratory have shown that progesterone (PROG) treatment in ovariectomized rats produces an anti-anxiety response similar to that observed after the administration of prototypical anxiolytic benzodiazepine (BDZ) compounds. The PROG-induced anxiolytic response was highly correlated with an increased level of 3 alpha-hydroxy-5(More)
The effects of a SC injection of progesterone (0, 1, or 4 mg) on locomotor behavior and exploration of an elevated plus-maze were examined in ovariectomized rats. At the completion of the behavioral tests, blood serum and cerebral cortical level of the 3 alpha-hydroxy ring-A metabolite of progesterone, 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one(More)
The anxiolytic effects of the neuroactive steroid, 3 alpha-OH-5 beta-pregnan-20-one (pregnanolone), were determined after injection into the dorsal hippocampus or lateral septum in adult male rats. An increase in the proportion of time spent on the open arms of the elevated plus-maze was found after 2.5 and 5 micrograms of pregnanolone in the hippocampus,(More)
Early developmental exposure to diazepam (DZ) via administration of the drug to the pregnant rat (1.0 or 2.5 mg/kg) over gestational days 14 to 20 altered both behavior of adult progeny on two tests of anxiety and function of the benzodiazepine/gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor complex (a neural substrate of anxiety-related behavior) in a sexually(More)