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The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether an energy failure level applies to the skull fracture mechanics in unembalmed post-mortem human heads under dynamic frontal loading conditions. A double-pendulum model was used to conduct frontal impact tests on specimens from 18 unembalmed post-mortem human subjects. The specimens were isolated at(More)
In current research with laboratory animals, observing their dynamic behavior or locomotion is a labor-intensive task. Automatic continuous monitoring can provide quantitative data on each animal's condition and coordination ability. The objective of the present work is to develop an automated mouse observation system integrated with a conventional(More)
In this article, an automated and accurate mouse observation method, based on a conventional test for motor function evaluation, is outlined. The proposed measurement technique was integrated in a regular open-field test, where the trajectory and locomotion of a free-moving mouse were measured simultaneously. The system setup consisted of a transparent cage(More)
Cough or cough epochs may be an important and persistent symptom in many respiratory diseases requiring both a continuous and objective observation. The research presented in this paper is aimed at assessing a blind data-based classification between 'spontaneous' and 'voluntary' human cough on individual sound samples. Cough sounds were registered in the(More)
For hatcheries, not only is it important to have a high level of hatchability, but the quality of the chicks provided also has to be good, because broiler farmers are looking for chicks with a high growth potential, resulting in a greater slaughter yield at the end of the rearing period. However, chick quality has proven to be a difficult and subjective(More)
This study investigates how integrated bed measurements can be used to assess motor patterns (movements and postures) during sleep. An algorithm has been developed that detects movements based on the time derivate of mattress surface indentation. After each movement, the algorithm recognizes the adopted sleep posture based on an image feature vector and an(More)
BACKGROUND The intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) of patients undergoing cardiac surgery may vary considerably, and is often difficult to predict within the first hours after admission. The early clinical evolution of a cardiac surgery patient might be predictive for his LOS. The purpose of the present study was to develop a predictive model for(More)
Sleep fragmentation is a cause of impaired daytime performance. We have developed an algorithm for detection of nighttime awakenings based on heart rate. As much as 15 healthy normal sleepers, 23 +/- 3 years, participated in this study. The dataset contains 33 nights of polysomnographic (PSG) and electrocardiographic (ECG) measurements. After a habituation(More)
BACKGROUND Spirometric parameters are the mainstay for diagnosis of COPD, but cannot distinguish airway obstruction from emphysema. We aimed to develop a computer model that quantifies airway collapse on forced expiratory flow-volume loops. We then explored and validated the relationship of airway collapse with computed tomography (CT) diagnosed emphysema(More)