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HIV-1 is a hematogenously spread virus that most likely gains entry into the brain within blood-derived macrophages. Indeed, productive viral replication selectively occurs within perivascular and parenchymal blood-derived macrophages and microglia and HIV-infected macrophages have increased potential to bind and transmigrate through the blood-brain(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP), subjected to high NaCl intake, show severe hypertension, organ damage, and early death. Preventive treatment with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor is known to reduce mortality. Previously we found that proteinuria always precedes cerebral edema in SHRSP. Hence, in(More)
BACKGROUND Dyslipidemia is found in the majority of renal and cardiac transplant recipients. Although 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors significantly lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, such treatment has been associated with muscle toxicity, especially when used in combination with cyclosporine (CsA). We(More)
Distal outgrowth, maturation and remodeling of the endocardial cushion mesenchyme in the atrioventricular (AV) canal are the essential morphogenetic events during four-chambered heart formation. Mesenchymalized AV endocardial cushions give rise to the AV valves and the membranous ventricular septum (VS). Failure of these processes results in several human(More)
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