Daniel B Kassel

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The c-Kit proto-oncogene is a receptor protein-tyrosine kinase associated with several highly malignant human cancers. Upon binding its ligand, stem cell factor (SCF), c-Kit forms an active dimer that autophosphorylates itself and activates a signaling cascade that induces cell growth. Disease-causing human mutations that activate SCF-independent(More)
Alogliptin is a potent, selective inhibitor of the serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4). Herein, we describe the structure-based design and optimization of alogliptin and related quinazolinone-based DPP-4 inhibitors. Following an oral dose, these noncovalent inhibitors provide sustained reduction of plasma DPP-4 activity and a lowering of blood(More)
The aim of the present research was to characterize the pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and efficacy profiles of alogliptin, a novel quinazolinone-based dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor. Alogliptin potently inhibited human DPP-4 in vitro (mean IC(50), ~ 6.9 nM) and exhibited > 10,000-fold selectivity for DPP-4 over the closely related serine(More)
We have developed a method to isolate and enhance the detection of phosphopeptides using liquid chromatography (LC)/mass spectrometry on a tryptic-digested protein sample. The method uses an on-line two-dimensional chromatography approach that consists of strong cation exchange (SCX) followed by reversed-phase (RP) chromatography with mass spectrometric(More)
SCG10 is a neuron-specific, membrane-associated protein that is highly concentrated in growth cones of developing neurons. Previous studies have suggested that it is a regulator of microtubule dynamics and that it may influence microtubule polymerization in growth cones. Here, we demonstrate that in vivo, SCG10 exists in both phosphorylated and(More)
Stathmin is a regulator of microtubule dynamics which undergoes extensive phosphorylation during the cell cycle as well as in response to various extracellular factors. Four serine residues are targets for protein kinases: Ser-25 and Ser-38 for proline-directed kinases such as mitogen-activated protein kinase and cyclin-dependent protein kinase, and Ser-16(More)
Rapid digestion of pp60c-src tyrosine kinase (src TK) in combination with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry enabled the determination of the time course for autophosphorylation of three tyrosine sites (Y338, Y419, and Y530) and a correlation with src TK activity. A form of src TK was purified from baculovirus-infected cells which contains only Y338(More)
A continuous assay for pp60c-src tyrosine kinase (srcTK) was developed. A lag in phosphorylation of the peptide RRLIEDAEYAARG was observed that could be eliminated by preincubation with MgATP. The induction time for this lag was dependent upon MgATP and srcTK concentrations. When autophosphorylation was monitored by 32P incorporation from [gamma-32P]ATP, a(More)
A cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase, HSPDE4B2B, was found to be phosphorylated when expressed in Sf9 cells or yeast. Deletion of amino acids 81-151 and 529-564 had no effect on the phosphorylation of HSPDE4B2B. Mass spectrometric analysis of purified HSPDE4B2B(1-564). HSPDE4B2B(81-564) and HSPDE4B2B(152-528) showed that phosphorylation occurred predominantly(More)
Solution-phase and solid-phase parallel synthesis and high throughput screening have enabled biologically active and selective compounds to be identified at an unprecedented rate. The challenge has been to convert these hits into viable development candidates. To accelerate the conversion of these hits into lead development candidates, early assessment of(More)