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Several studies during the last 30 years have demonstrated the potential of laser pre-treatment of enamel or tooth roots to inhibit subsequent acid-induced dissolution or artificial caries-like challenge in the laboratory. The overall objective of ongoing studies in our laboratories is to determine, systematically, the optimum sets of parameters for carbon(More)
Recombinant polypeptides and protein domains containing two cysteine pairs located distal in primary sequence but proximal in the native folded or assembled state are labeled selectively in vitro and in mammalian cells using the profluorescent biarsenical reagents FlAsH-EDT2 and ReAsH-EDT2. This strategy, termed bipartite tetracysteine display, enables the(More)
The light-scattering properties of dental enamel and dentin were measured at 543, 632, and 1053 nm. Angularly resolved scattering distributions for these materials were measured from 0° to 180° using a rotating goniometer. Surface scattering was minimized by immersing the samples in an index-matching bath. The scattering and absorption coefficients and the(More)
UNLABELLED Cracking of tooth structure is a frequent mechanism of clinical failure necessitating treatment. Some laser conditions, particularly those without sufficient water cooling, may cause surface cracking of dentin. Surface cracks may serve as initiation sites for the onset of catastrophic fracture under mechanical stress, resulting in failure of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Many studies of laser-induced thermal decomposition of dental enamel have demonstrated a reduction in the rate of acid dissolution, size of artificial caries-like lesions, and acid reactivity. Additionally, studies have correlated the loss of carbonate from dental enamel with a reduction in acid dissolution. Dental mineral consists(More)
The influence of 9.6 microm CO2 laser irradiation on enamel dissolution kinetics was investigated using a constant composition method designed for rate measurements of enamel dissolution as a function of depth, on a micrometer scale. In contrast to lower irradiation intensities (< or =1.0 J cm(-2)), which consistently showed reduced dissolution rates,(More)
A fundamental understanding of how near-IR light propagates through sound and carious dental hard tissues is essential for the development of clinically useful optical diagnostic systems, since image contrast is based on changes in the optical properties of these tissues on demineralization. During the caries (decay) process, micropores are formed in the(More)
CO(2) lasers can be operated at high laser pulse repetition rates for the rapid and precise removal of dental decay. Excessive heat accumulation and peripheral thermal damage is a concern when using high pulse repetition rates. Peripheral thermal damage can adversely impact the mechanical strength of the irradiated tissue, particularly for dentin, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Effective use of lasers for preventive dental treatments requires accurate knowledge of the amount and distribution of laser energy deposited during irradiation. At CO2 wavelengths, the reflection losses are considerable and reduce the laser energy absorbed by the tissue surface. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS The specular and(More)
Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is used to monitor the progression of simulated caries lesions on occlusal surfaces and image the lesions underneath composite sealants. The polarization-sensitive system, recording images in both the parallel and perpendicular axes, is useful for enhancing the image contrast of the artificial(More)