Daniel Azoulay

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OBJECTIVE To identify the outcomes and risks of split-liver transplantation (SLT) for two adult recipients to determine the feasibility of more widespread use of this procedure to increase the graft pool for adults. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The shortage of cadaver liver grafts for adults is increasing. Using livers from donors defined as optimal, the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cirrhotic patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) have a poor prognosis. Identifying patients in whom ICU care will be useful can be challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of prognostic scores with respect to mortality and to identify mortality risk factors. METHODS Three hundred and seventy-seven(More)
Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) is an emerging diagnostic procedure that enables in vivo pathological evaluation during ongoing endoscopy. There are two types of CLE: endoscope-based CLE (eCLE), which is integrated in the tip of the endoscope, and probe-based CLE (pCLE), which goes through the accessory channel of the endoscope. Clinical data of CLE(More)
HYPOTHESIS The complication and success rates in patients treated with either percutaneous cryosurgery (PCS) or percutaneous radiofrequency (PRF) for unresectable hepatic malignancies are similar. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty-four patients were treated with either PCS (n = 31) or PRF (n = 33).(More)
Whether ischemic preconditioning (IP) reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in human normal and fatty livers remains controversial. We compared two independent groups of liver donor transplants with versus without steatosis to evaluate IP consequences. Liver donors with (n=22) or without (n=28) steatosis either did or did not undergo IP before graft(More)
Studies in animals on the use of UW solution in liver transplantation have shown an inverse relation between cold ischaemia time (CIT) and graft function. There are few clinical data on this relation in human beings. We have investigated the effect of extended cold ischaemia in a prospective study. We assessed early graft function and subsequent outcome for(More)
Ischemia triggers an inflammatory response that precipitates cell death during reperfusion. Several studies have shown that tissues are protected by ischemic preconditioning (IP) consisting of 10 min of ischemia followed by 10 min of reperfusion just before ischemia. The molecular basis of this protective effect is poorly understood. We used cDNA arrays(More)
Many studies have associated chromosomal deletions in the 16q24 region with human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma. A more limited region around the microsatellite D16S402 has been shown implicated in the metastatic spread of hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer, and Wilms' tumors. It is likely that one or more tumor suppressor genes are(More)
BACKGROUND Liver tumors with inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement may require combined resection of the liver and IVC. This approach, with its high surgical risks and poor long-term prognosis, was precluded until the development of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, portal vein embolization, reinforced vascular prostheses, and technical advances in liver(More)
p53 alterations are considered to be predictive of poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and may induce a humoral response. Anti-p53 serum antibodies were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using purified recombinant human p53 on 130 European HCC patients before treatment and during the clinical course of the disease. p53(More)