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Translational dynamics of chromatin in interphase nuclei of living Swiss 3T3 and HeLa cells was studied using fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching. Chromatin was fluorescently labeled using dihydroethidium, a membrane-permeant derivative of ethidium bromide. After labeling, a laser was used to bleach small (approximately(More)
Neuropeptides are slowly released from a limited pool of secretory vesicles. Despite decades of research, the composition of this pool has remained unknown. Endocrine cell studies support the hypothesis that a population of docked vesicles supports the first minutes of hormone release. However, it has been proposed that mobile cytoplasmic vesicles dominate(More)
We used total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to study quantitatively the motion and distribution of secretory granules near the plasma membrane (PM) of living bovine chromaffin cells. Within the approximately 300-nm region measurably illuminated by the evanescent field resulting from total internal reflection, granules are preferentially(More)
We have made direct, quantitative measurements of the lateral motion and age-dependent distribution of acetylcholine receptors (AChR) on the surface of rat myotubes in primary culture. AChR were fluorescently marked with tetramethylrhodamine-labeled alpha-bungarotoxin and AChR lateral motion was measured by the fluoresence photobleaching recovery technique.(More)
Diffusion coefficients (D) of a lipid probe and labeled proteins on L-6 myoblast membranes have been measured giving D(protein) approximately 2 X 10(-10) square centimeter per second and D (lipid probe) approximately 9 X 10(-9) square centimeter per second. Some of the membrane proteins are immobile, but the lipid probe diffuses freely over macroscopic(More)
Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy was used to monitor changes in individual granule motions related to the secretory response in chromaffin cells. Because the motions of granules are very small (tens of nanometers), instrumental noise in the quantitation of granule motion was taken into account. ATP and Ca2+, both of which prime secretion(More)
On aneurally cultured rat primary myotubes, 10% of the acetylcholine receptors (AChR) are found aggregated and immobilized in endogenous clusters. The remaining receptors are diffusely distributed over the cell membrane and the majority of these are free to diffuse in the plane of the membrane. This study correlates the mobility of AChR (as measured with(More)
We report the lateral mobility of extrajunctional acetylcholine receptors (AChR), marked with fluorescently labeled alpha-bungarotoxin, on rat flexor digitorum brevis single muscle fibers maintained in cell culture. Mobility is measured by a modification of the fluorescence photobleaching recovery technique. The denervated rat flexor digitorum brevis muscle(More)
Our current notions of different granule pools, granule interaction with the plasma membrane, and ultimately granule and plasma membrane soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive-factor attachment protein (SNARE) interactions, result largely from inferences based upon biochemical alterations of secretion kinetics. Another view of events comes from studies using(More)