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The ability to use fMRI in a monkey model would bridge the gap between the fMRI demonstration of cerebral activation in humans and the cumulative wealth of monkey data on the functional organization of the brain from single electrode mapping, radioisotope and histology studies. We report a new technique for fMRI in an awake co-operative rhesus macaque(More)
We report a technique for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in an awake, co-operative, rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) in a conventional 1.5T clinical MR scanner, thus accomplishing the first direct comparison of activation in visual cortex between humans and non-human primates with fMRI. Activation was seen in multiple areas of striate and(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess gradient magnetic-field-induced acoustic noise levels associated with the use of echo planar imaging (EPI) and three-dimensional fast spin echo (3D-FSE) pulse sequences. Acoustic noise measurements were obtained from two different high field-strength MR systems (1.5 T, Siemens and General Electric Co.) under ambient(More)
Based on gestational age at diagnosis and/or delivery, pre-eclampsia (PE) is commonly divided into early-onset (<34 weeks) and late-onset (≥34 weeks) forms. Recently, the distinction between 'placental' and 'maternal' causation has been proposed, with 'placental' cases being more frequently associated with early-onset and intrauterine growth restriction. To(More)
A relative weakness of the traditional spin-echo technique, and particularly of the newer "FAST" or "TURBO" spin-echo sequences, has been diminished conspicuousness of lesions affecting the peripheral cortical mantle or those located in the periventricular region. This is a consequence of partial volume effects and high cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) signal(More)
Explants of Embryonic Day 18 (E18) rat entorhinal cortex were cocultured with Postnatal Day 6 mouse hippocampal slices to study CNS regeneration in vitro. The present report describes a double-labeling paradigm for quantitative analysis of the type of new growth seen in immature cultures. Entorhinal projection neurons in living static cocultures were(More)
To date, the intracerebral veins and venous sinuses have not been amenable to noninvasive study. We describe a magnetic resonance (MR) technique using "bolus tracking" for rapid imaging and measurement of cerebral venous flow. We specifically applied the technique to the superior sagittal sinus, but it can be used for evaluation of other cerebral venous(More)
The development of the gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA)-ergic system in the human cerebral cortex and cerebellum was studied in post mortem specimens, by estimating the activity of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) and the binding capacity for muscimol as markers of GABA-ergic nerve terminals and GABA receptors respectively. The age periods studied were as follows(More)
TurboFLASH (fast low-angle shot) sequences enable the acquisition of an image in a fraction of a second. However, unique to T1-weighted ultrafast imaging, the magnetization variation during image acquisition can produce artifacts along the phase-encoding direction. In this study, the signal behavior and nature of these artifacts were analyzed with various(More)
Xin is a muscle-specific actin binding protein of which its role and regulation within skeletal muscle is not well understood. Here we demonstrate that Xin mRNA is robustly upregulated (>16-fold) within 12 h of skeletal muscle injury and is localized to the muscle satellite cell population. RT-PCR confirmed the expression pattern of Xin during regeneration,(More)