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We have previously shown that skin reconstructed in vitro is a useful model to study the effects of UVB and UVA exposure. Wavelength-specific biological damage has been identified such as the formation of sunburn cells (SBC) and pyrimidine dimers after UVB irradiation and alterations of dermal fibroblasts after UVA exposure. These specific effects were(More)
Human keratinocytes were grown on a dermal equivalent (or lattice) at the liquid-air interface in an attempt to reconstitute a functional epidermis in vitro. Although the multilayered epithelium thus obtained is well differentiated, as shown by the presence of keratohyaline granules and horny layer, several differences from its in vivo counterpart were also(More)
Culture in the presence of delipidized serum (i.e., in the absence of vitamin A) has been shown to allow terminal differentiation of human keratinocytes, both in terms of morphological appearance and in terms of 67 kD keratin polypeptide synthesis (Fuchs, E & Green, H, Cell 25 (1981) 617) [2]. Culture at the liquid-air interface is known to induce(More)
Skin, the most superficial tissue of our body, is the first target of environmental stimuli, among which is solar ultraviolet radiation. Very little is known about the regulation of keratin gene expression by ultraviolet radiation, however, although (i) it is well established that ultraviolet exposure is involved in skin cancers and photoaging and (ii)(More)
Acute or repetitive sun exposures are known to elicit cutaneous damages such as sunburn but also long-term effects such as photoaging or cancers. Determination of early biological events occurring after ultraviolet (UV) exposure is essential for photoprotection. Using skin reconstructed in vitro containing both a dermal equivalent and a fully differentiated(More)
Studies have been initiated to identify various cell surface and matrix components of normal human skin through the production and characterization of murine monoclonal antibodies. One such antibody, termed PG-4, identifies both cell surface and matrix antigens in extracts of human foetal and adult skin as the dermatan sulfate proteoglycans, decorin and(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate in the aging skin. To understand the biological effects of individual AGEs, skin reconstructed with collagen selectively enriched with N(ɛ)-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML), N(ɛ)-(carboxyethyl)-lysine (CEL), methylglyoxal hydroimidazolone (MG-H1), or pentosidine was studied. Immunohistochemistry revealed(More)
A living-skin equivalent useful as a skin replacement and as a model system for basic studies has been fabricated and tested extensively. It consists of two components: (1) a dermal equivalent made up of fibroblasts in a collagen matrix that is contracted and modified by the resident cells, and (2) an epidermis that develops from keratinocytes "plated" on(More)
A striking effect of retinoids is their ability to alter cell fate during development. The mucous metaplasia produced by treating chick embryo skin in organ culture with retinoic acid is a classical example of this property. It has been impossible so far to demonstrate that retinoids are able to provoke metaplasia of adult keratinocytes grown in vitro,(More)