Daniel Alberto Sáenz

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Light-induced damage is a widely used model to study retinal degeneration. We examined whether bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) protects the retina against light-induced injury. One day before intense light exposure for 24 h, rats were intravitreally injected with LPS in one eye and vehicle in the contralateral eye. At several time points after light(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces ischemic preconditioning in the rat retina, and, if so, whether nitric oxide (NO) is involved in this process. METHODS Rats were intravitreously injected with different doses of LPS (0.1, 1, or 5 microg) in one eye and vehicle in the contralateral eye(More)
There is a growing body of evidence on the role of nitric oxide (NO) in human platelet physiology regulation. Recently, interest has developed in the functional role of an alternative redox form of NO, namely nitroxyl (HNO/NO-), because it is formed by a number of diverse biochemical reactions. The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze the(More)
In the present work, the effect of melatonin on the hamster retinal nitridergic pathway was examined. When the retinas were incubated in the presence of low concentrations (1 pM-10 nM) of melatonin for 15 min, a significant decrease of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity was observed. However, when crude retinal homogenates were preincubated with melatonin(More)
Daily changes in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) turnover rate were studied in the golden hamster retina. This parameter showed significant variations throughout the light-dark cycle, with minimal values during the day. Retinal glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) activity was higher at midnight than at noon. Moreover, [3H]GABA binding significantly varied(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Uveitis is a prevalent intraocular inflammatory disease and one of the most damaging ocular conditions. Pretreatment with melatonin prevented ocular inflammation induced by an intravitreal injection of bacterial LPS in the Syrian hamster. Here, we have assessed the anti-inflammatory effects of melatonin administered after the onset of(More)
One of the limiting steps in the regulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis is the availability of its precursor, L-arginine, which depends on the presence of a specific uptake system. A characterization of the L-arginine uptake mechanism in the golden hamster retina was performed. This mechanism was stereospecific, saturable, and monophasic, with an(More)
Melatonin is being increasingly promoted as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of jet lag and insomnia, and is an efficient free radical scavenger. We have recently characterized a product for the reaction of melatonin with nitric oxide (NO), N-nitrosomelatonin. In the present work, reaction pathways with N1, C2, C4, C6 and C7 as possible targets for its(More)
In this work, a selection of children was examined based on their free erythrocyte protoporphyrin (FEP) and total blood lead (PbB) contents. Two groups with clear differences in lead sensibility were selected. One group with high FEP levels (deep lead alteration), named "normal," and one group with low FEP levels (discrete lead alteration), named "lead(More)
A yeast mutant defective in permeases S1 and S2 which transport L-leucine was isolated from a parental strain already deficient in the general amino acid permease, GAP1. The mutant was selected as a spontaneous, trifluoroleucine-resistant (TFLR) strain. Full resistance depended upon the presence of two unlinked mutant genes designated let1 and let2. The(More)