Daniel Abell

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This study reports the fetal outcome in 500 pregnancies when the baby weighed less than the 10th centile for gestational age at birth, compared with that in a series of 500 pregnancies where there was a normal weight for gestation. Fetal growth retardation (0-9th centile) had a significant positive association with perinatal mortality (5.2% versus 1.2%, P(More)
This study reports the associations between antenatal complications, subnormal urinary oestriol excretion and perinatal death in 500 pregnancies when the baby weighed less than the 10th centile for gestational age at birth, compared with those in a series of 500 pregnancies when the baby was of a normal weight for gestation. The overall incidence of(More)
In a series of 2434 patients with pre-eclampsia, the prevalence of fetal growth retardation was 8.7 per cent compared with 8.6 per cent in the total hospital population. The prevalence was increased in early-onset pre-eclampsia (18.2 per cent) (P less than 0.001) and reduced in late-onset pre-eclampsia (5.6 per cent) (P less than 0.001). In patients who(More)
In a series of 26,209 patiens, the incidence of pre-eclampsia was 9.3%, being significantly higher in primiparae (14.1%) than multiparae (5.7%) (P less than 0.001). In patients with early-onset pre-eclampsia there were highly significant (P less than 0.001) increases in the incidences of proteinuria, severe hypertension, placental abruption, fetal growth(More)
Fetal growth retardation ranks third after prematurity and malformations as a cause of perinatal deaths. Antenatal fetal monitoring (biochemical testing of fetoplacental function plus cardiotocography) has emerged as the most important means of reduction in the number of stillbirths and improvement in the quality of survival of infants who are born alive.(More)
In a series of 1,316 patients with pre-eclampsia 744 had urinary estriol excretion measured before and 366 after the onset of clinical signs of the disease. Low estriol excretion had a highly significant association with fetal growth retardation and perinatal death both before and after the onset of clinical signs (p less than 0.001). As assessed by the(More)
Analysis of 2,000 consecutive patients who had a three-hour 50-gm. oral glucose tolerance test done in the third trimester of pregnancy has shown that the three-hour reading was not necessary for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes. It was found that hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia (95th and 5th percentiles, respectively, for plasma glucose levels) were(More)
In 2,000 consecutive patients having glucose tolerance tests in pregnancy hyperglycemia (greater than or equal to ninety-fifth percentile) was associated with increased placental weight (p less than 0.01) but not with increased fetal birth weight. Patients with hypoglycemia (less than or equal to fifth percentile) were more likely to have small-for-dates(More)