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The nuclear envelope links the cytoskeleton to structural components of the nucleus. It functions to coordinate nuclear migration and anchorage, organize chromatin, and aid meiotic chromosome pairing. Forces generated by the cytoskeleton are transferred across the nuclear envelope to the nuclear lamina through a nuclear-envelope bridge consisting of SUN(More)
Mutations in the Drosophila melanogaster zw10 gene, which encodes a conserved, essential kinetochore component, abolish the ability of dynein to localize to kinetochores. Several similarities between the behavior of ZW10 protein and dynein further support a role for ZW10 in the recruitment of dynein to the kinetochore: (a) in response to bipolar tension(More)
Nuclear migration plays an essential role in the growth and development of a wide variety of eukaryotes. Mutations in unc-84, which encodes a conserved component of the nuclear envelope, have been shown to disrupt nuclear migration in two C. elegans tissues. We show that mutations in unc-83 disrupt nuclear migration in a similar manner in migrating P cells,(More)
Mutations in anc-1 (nuclear anchorage defective) disrupt the positioning of nuclei and mitochondria in Caenorhabditis elegans. ANC-1 is shown to consist of mostly coiled regions with a nuclear envelope localization domain (called the KASH domain) and an actin-binding domain; this structure was conserved with the Drosophila protein Msp-300 and the mammalian(More)
Here we show that human Zeste White 10 (Zw10) and Rough deal (Rod) are new components of the mitotic checkpoint, as cells lacking these proteins at kinetochores fail to arrest in mitosis when exposed to microtubule inhibitors. Checkpoint failure and premature mitotic exit may explain why cells defective for hZw10 and hRod divide with lagging chromosomes. As(More)
Kinesin-1 and dynein are recruited to the nuclear envelope by the Caenorhabditis elegans klarsicht/ANC-1/Syne homology (KASH) protein UNC-83 to move nuclei. The mechanisms of how these motors are coordinated to mediate nuclear migration are unknown. Time-lapse differential interference contrast and fluorescence imaging of embryonic hypodermal nuclear(More)
Intracellular nuclear migration is essential for many cellular events including fertilization, establishment of polarity, division and differentiation. How nuclei migrate is not understood at the molecular level. The C. elegans KASH protein UNC-83 is required for nuclear migration and localizes to the outer nuclear membrane. UNC-83 interacts with the inner(More)
HZwint-1 (Human ZW10 interacting protein-1) was identified in a yeast two hybrid screen for proteins that interact with HZW10. HZwint-1 cDNA encodes a 43 kDa protein predicted to contain an extended coiled-coil domain. Immunofluorescence studies with sera raised against HZwint-1 protein revealed strong kinetochore staining in nocodazole-arrested chromosome(More)
Mechanisms for nuclear migration and nuclear anchorage function together to control nuclear positioning. Both tubulin and actin networks play important roles in nuclear positioning. The actin cytoskeleton has been shown to position nuclei in a variety of systems from yeast to plants and animals. It can either act as a stable skeleton to anchor nuclei or(More)
The nuclear-cytoskeleton connection influences many aspects of cellular architecture, including nuclear positioning, the stiffness of the global cytoskeleton, and mechanotransduction. Central to all of these processes is the assembly and function of conserved SUN-KASH bridges, or LINC complexes, that span the nuclear envelope. Recent studies provide details(More)