Daniel A Lazar

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Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring plays a valuable role in the management of head injuries and other causes of raised ICP in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of hemorrhage after ICP monitor insertion, and to classify these complications in a clinically relevant manner. Hospital charts of 431 children(More)
OBJECTIVE Noninvasive observation of degenerating and regenerating peripheral nerves could improve the diagnosis and treatment of nerve injuries. We constructed a novel phased-array radiofrequency coil to permit magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) observation of the sciatic nerve and its target muscles in rats after injury. METHODS Adult male Lewis rats(More)
OBJECTIVE Axonal injury in the peripheral nervous system is common, and often it is associated with severe long-term personal and societal costs. The objective of this study is to use an animal model to demonstrate that transcutaneous ultrasound can accelerate recovery from an axonotmetic injury. METHODS The sciatic nerve of adult male Lewis rats was(More)
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae represent a potentially curable cause of a progressive myelopathy and therefore should be treated aggressively by either endovascular or surgical methods. In the surgical treatment of these lesions, intraoperative radiographic localization of the site of the fistula can be problematic. We describe an endovascular(More)
OBJECTIVE After axonal injury, macrophages rapidly infiltrate and become activated in the mammalian peripheral nervous system (PNS) but not the central nervous system (CNS). We used the dorsal root pathway to study factors that modulate the response of macrophages to degenerating axons in both the PNS and the CNS. METHODS Lewis rats underwent transection(More)
OBJECTIVE Superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome has recently been reported as a cause of pressure- or sound-induced oscillopsia (Tullio phenomenon). We report the presentation and successful treatment of 3 patients with superior semicircular dehiscence syndrome by a joint neurosurgical/neuro-otology team. CLINICAL PRESENTATION Patient 1 is a(More)
Taken together, these studies show the promise of various therapeutic modalities for the noninvasive treatment of peripheral nerve injury. Further progress on these promising methods requires determining the biologic mechanisms responsible for the ability of these modalities to enhance peripheral nerve recovery. Necessary investigations include validation(More)
Amongst older adults, falls at home can be deadly. Fall detection systems are an important tool to quickly summon help in the event of a fall. Wearable devices such as help buttons have been a popular approach to the problem; however, studies show that they have a low efficacy in the event of a fall because they require the user to actively remember to use(More)
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