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The cause of the non-disjunction leading to trisomy 21 remains unclear. Recent evidence has suggested that 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and/or methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) might contribute to the maternal risk of trisomy 21. The purpose of the present study was to analyse these findings among the French population and to(More)
5-methyltetrahydrofolate is the predominant form of folate in plasma. It may be the preferred substrate for transport via the reduced-folate carrier (RFC). We isolated a cDNA for the reduced folate carrier (RFC-1) from human skin fibroblasts. A common polymorphism at position 80 in exon 2 of RFC-1 was identified. This polymorphism changes a guanine (G) to(More)
Cytokines are involved in the development of several inflammatory diseases and atherosclerosis. Their variations in healthy individuals are not well defined. The aims of this study were: firstly, to identify factors affecting biological variation of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha); secondly, to study their family(More)
We have studied the effect of common mutations (677C-->T and 1298A-->C) of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene in sixty-six healthy French subjects, aged 27-47 years. Serum folate, vitamin B12, and plasma total homocysteine were measured as well as the specific activity of MTHFR in lymphocytes. The frequency of subjects homozygous for the(More)
The mycotoxin patulin is a common contaminant of fruit. Here, we demonstrate that patulin reduces the barrier properties of the intestinal cell line, caco-2 by specific effects on tight junction components. Within 5h of exposure to 100 microM toxin, the transepithelial electrical resistance of caco-2 monolayers was reduced by approximately 95% and the(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to identify criteria able to distinguish between Jessner's lymphocytic infiltration of the skin (JLIS) and lupus erythematosus tumidus (LET). METHODS The following characteristics were recorded in a retrospective, multicenter analysis of patients with JLIS and LET: clinical features (number, size, type, and localization of lesions;(More)
BACKGROUND Associations between circulating concentrations of E-selectin, blood pressure and obesity, and between the Leu554Phe (L/F554) polymorphism and blood pressure have been documented. OBJECTIVES To investigate how the E-selectin L/F554 polymorphism is involved in longitudinal blood pressure changes, and how this polymorphism interacts with body(More)
In the present study, we have investigated the role of cholesterol in maintaining the barrier properties of the model intestinal cell line Caco-2. We have extracted membrane cholesterol using methyl-beta-cyclodextrin and demonstrated that maximally, methyl-beta-cyclodextrin lowered cell cholesterol levels by 40-45%. Depletion of cell cholesterol was(More)
PURPOSE We report on our experience in the treatment of T1 and T2 mycosis fungoides (MF) with total skin electron beam therapy (TSEBT), with respect to relapse-free rate, overall survival rate, and management of recurrence. METHODS AND MATERIALS Between 1975 and 2001, 141 patients with MF were referred to the radiotherapy department for treatment by(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of supplementation with B vitamins and of common polymorphisms in genes involved in homocysteine metabolism on plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations in trisomy 21 are unknown. OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine the effects of orally administered folic acid and of folic acid combined with vitamin B-12, vitamin B-6, or both on(More)