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Identifying the downstream effects of disease-associated SNPs is challenging. To help overcome this problem, we performed expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) meta-analysis in non-transformed peripheral blood samples from 5,311 individuals with replication in 2,775 individuals. We identified and replicated trans eQTLs for 233 SNPs (reflecting 103(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the relationship between early pregnancy plasma lipid concentrations and risk of preeclampsia. METHODS In a prospective cohort study, maternal blood samples were collected at an average of 13 weeks gestation. From the cohort, we selected 57 women who developed preeclampsia and 510 who remained normotensive and served as control(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of posttranscription regulation in preeclampsia is largely unknown. We investigated preeclampsia-related placental microRNA (miRNA) expression using microarray and confirmatory quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction experiments. STUDY DESIGN Placental expressions of characterized and novel miRNAs (1295 probes) were measured in(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated greater risks of cardiovascular events and mortality among persons who have lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) and higher parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. We sought to evaluate the association between markers of mineral metabolism and sudden cardiac death (SCD) among the 2312 participants from the Cardiovascular Health(More)
Variations in candidate genes participating in oxidative stress, inflammation, and their interactions are potentially associated with diseases of atherosclerotic origin. We investigated independent and joint associations of variations in cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP), interleukin-8 (IL8), peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-alpha (PPARA),(More)
BACKGROUND Insufficient sleep and poor sleep quality, considered endemic in modern society, are associated with obesity, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes. Little, however, is known about the consequences of insufficient sleep and poor sleep quality during pregnancy on glucose tolerance and gestational diabetes. METHODS A cohort of 1,290 women was(More)
BACKGROUND From initiation to plaque rupture, immune system components contribute to atherosclerosis. We investigated variation in inflammation-related genes - interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-10, IL-18, and the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily [lymphotoxin(LT)-alpha, TNF-alpha, LT-beta] - with respect to nonfatal incident(More)
Substantial evidence suggests an increasing burden of hypertension (HTN) in urban sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, data on HTN prevalence in rural SSA are sparse. In a cross-sectional study, we investigated magnitude and correlates of HTN in rural SSA. Study participants (N=1485), 18 years and above, were selected using a stratified random sampling(More)
We examined the association between the hepatic lipase (LIPC) gene promoter polymorphism (-514C/T) and risk of preeclampsia among Peruvian women. We also evaluated whether this association is modified by maternal pre-pregnancy overweight status. Using a case control study design, 157 preeclampsia cases and 180 normotensive controls were enrolled in the(More)
Appetite regulatory neural network and adipocyte homeostasis molecular pathways are critical to long-term weight maintenance. Associations between obesity-related phenotypes and four genes in these pathways - leptin (LEP), leptin receptor (LEPR), neuropeptide Y2 receptor (NPY2R) and peptide YY (PYY) were examined in CARDIA Study participants (aged 18-30 at(More)