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Although it is now widely appreciated that antitumor immunity is critical to impede tumor growth and progression, there remain significant gaps in knowledge about the mechanisms used by tumors to escape immune control. In tumor cells, we hypothesized that one mechanism of immune escape used by tumors involves the synthesis and extracellular shedding of(More)
Tumor cells shed gangliosides and populate their microenvironment with these biologically active membrane glycosphingolipids. In vitro, ganglioside enrichment amplifies receptor tyrosine kinase signaling and activation of vascular endothelial cells. However, a long-standing question is whether in the actual microenvironment of a neoplasm, in vivo, tumor(More)
The unsatisfactory outcomes for osteosarcoma necessitate novel therapeutic strategies. This study evaluated the effect of the telomerase inhibitor imetelstat in pre-clinical models of human osteosarcoma. Because the chaperone molecule HSP90 facilitates the assembly of telomerase protein, the ability of the HSP90 inhibitor alvespimycin to potentiate the(More)
Novel treatment approaches are desperately needed for malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT). Telomerase is an attractive therapeutic target because it is specific to cancer and critical for cancer cell immortality. We evaluated the effect of the telomerase inhibitor imetelstat in preclinical models of MRT. Three MRT cell lines, BT-12, G401, and RT-peri, were(More)
BACKGROUND Nephrocalcinosis (NC) is an important clinical problem seen in critically ill preterm neonates treated with loop diuretics. No reliable animal models are available to study the pathogenesis of NC in preterm infants. The purpose of this study was to develop a reproducible and clinically relevant animal model of NC for these patients and to explore(More)