Daniel Álvarez-Hernández

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A novel missense activating mutation in the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is reported in this work. It was identified in three related subjects with the phenotypic features of autosomal dominant hypocalcemia (ADH). The proband, a 27-year-old woman, diagnosed as having hypoparathyroidism at 7 years of age and a history of seizures, showed the(More)
Injection of active vitamin D is associated with better survival of patients receiving chronic hemodialysis. Since in many countries oral active vitamin D administration is the most common form of treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism we determined the survival benefit of oral active vitamin D in hemodialysis patients from six Latin America countries(More)
RATIONALE Matrix vesicles (MVs), secreted by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), form the first nidus for mineralization and fetuin-A, a potent circulating inhibitor of calcification, is specifically loaded into MVs. However, the processes of fetuin-A intracellular trafficking and MV biogenesis are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE The objective of this(More)
BACKGROUND Calcium regulates parathyroid hormone (PTH) gene expression by a posttranscriptional mechanism, as well as parathyroid gland growth through the activation of the calcium-sensing receptor. Aluminum decreases both parathyroid cell proliferation and PTH levels by an unknown mechanism. METHODS To investigate the possible role of calcium-sensing(More)
Calcitriol, acting through vitamin D receptors (VDR) in the parathyroid, suppresses parathyroid hormone synthesis and cell proliferation. In secondary hyperparathyroidism (SH), VDR content is reduced as hyperplasia becomes more severe, limiting the efficacy of calcitriol. In a rat model of SH, activation of the EGF receptor (EGFR) by TGF-alpha is required(More)
BACKGROUND The regulatory mechanisms of parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis are complex, involving calcium, calcitriol, the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) and the vitamin D receptor (VDR). In this study, the effects of calcium and calcitriol on the simultaneous expression of CaR and VDR mRNA and protein levels were assessed in parathyroid glands cultured in(More)
AIM This study aimed to investigate the longest period in which parathyroid glands cultured in vitro maintained their viability and functionality in order to study the response of the glands to factors that exert their main action in the long term (1-7 days). METHODS Rat parathyroid glands from 104 Wistar rats were used. Cell viability was measured by(More)
Parathyroid hyperplasia is the cause of parathyroid gland enlargement in kidney disease (KD). Hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and vitamin D deficiency are critical contributors to the worsening of the hyperplastic parathyroid growth induced by KD. Reproduction of the features of human KD in the 5/6 nephrectomized rat model has shown that 80% of the(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism-related disorders begin in the pre-dialysis period and progressively worsen during dialysis. In a high proportion of cases, therapeutic failure in the control of PTH secretion is related to a late start in medical treatment. This may happen because recovery of the functional control of the parathyroid gland, once some(More)