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Bandura was offered a position at Stanford University, and he is still there on faculty today. Approximate Year of Origin: The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) stemmed from the Social Learning Theory (SLT), which has a rich historical background dating back to the late 1800's. Albert Bandura first began publishing his work on SLT in the early 1960's. In 1986,(More)
BACKGROUND Waste-disposal sites are a potential hazard to health. This study is a multicentre case-control study of the risk of congenital anomalies associated with residence near hazardous-waste landfill sites in Europe. METHODS We used data from seven regional registers of congenital anomalies in five countries. We studied 1089 livebirths, stillbirths,(More)
The acute effects of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) (40 ppm in air) on pulmonary (PVR) and systemic (SVR) vascular resistance were compared with those of an intravenous infusion of prostacyclin (24 micrograms/h) in 8 patients with severe pulmonary hypertension and 10 cardiac patients with normal values of PVR. 10 healthy volunteers were studied non-invasively.(More)
The proton-translocating ATPase of clathrin-coated vesicles of bovine brain is characterized by ATP specificity. Chloride or bromide serve as co-ions balancing electrogenic proton pumping. ATP-driven proton translocation can be observed in the absence of chloride, provided the membrane potential is collapsed by K+ moving out in the presence of valinomycin.(More)
AIMS To investigate socioeconomic inequalities in the risk of congenital anomalies, focusing on risk of specific anomaly subgroups. METHODS A total of 858 cases of congenital anomaly and 1764 non-malformed control births were collected between 1986 and 1993 from four UK congenital malformation registers, for the purposes of a European multicentre case(More)
Certain proteins are known to play an important part in the proliferation, differentiation and functional activation of haematopoietic progenitor cells in vitro. These proteins include erythropoietin and various colony-stimulating factors (CSFs), one of which is granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Recently, both murine and human(More)
Previous findings of the EUROHAZCON study showed a 33% increase in risk of non-chromosomal anomalies near hazardous waste landfill sites. Here, we studied 245 cases of chromosomal anomalies and 2412 controls who lived near 23 such sites in Europe. After adjustment for confounding by maternal age and socioeconomic status, we noted a higher risk of(More)
SYNOPSIS. The Y-organs of crustaceans secrete ecdysteroids (molting hormones) and are regulated (negatively) by a neurosecretory peptide, molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH). Signaling path(s) in Y-organs were explored that connect MIH receptors ultimately with suppression of receptor number for the uptake of cholesterol (ecdysteroid precursor) and of gene(More)