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PURPOSE To examine the subgroup of patients with medically intractable epilepsy receiving temporal lobectomies who have pathologically verified mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) and to determine the relation of demographic and clinical factors, results of diagnostic testing, and details of the surgical procedure with prognosis for achieving control of(More)
Orbital apex injury is usually seen in multiply and severely injured patients who are subject to high-energy trauma. Orbital apex injury rarely occurs in isolation. By proximity, the face, the skull base, or their combination are the most likely regions to be injured in association with orbital apex trauma. The vast majority of these injuries occur as an(More)
OBJECTIVE   Trigeminal neuralgia is rarely caused by arteriovenous malformations of the posterior fossa. Embolization of aberrant vessels can provide symptomatic relief; however, embolization is not always technically possible, and its effects can be temporary. Embolization of the nerve's blood supply could reduce its excitability and provide pain relief.(More)
UNLABELLED Treatment goals in severe midfacial trauma are restoration of function and appearance. Restoration of function is directed at multiple organ systems, which support visual acuity, airway patency, mastication, lacrimation, smelling, tasting, hearing, and facial expression. Victims of blunt facial trauma expect to look the same after surgical(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine whether 16-slice multidetector CT angiography (CTA) has sufficient negative predictive value for use as the initial imaging examination for patients with suspected blunt carotid and vertebral artery injury (BCVI) and to estimate the positive predictive value of different screening criteria in assessing BCVI. STUDY DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND The association between patent foramen ovale (PFO) and stroke risk in young adults is controversial and poorly understood. Paradoxical embolization through a PFO represents a possible mechanism by which PFO might predispose to stroke. OBJECTIVE To describe 4 patients with PFO who experienced the onset of ischemic stroke during sexual(More)
BACKGROUND The design and conclusions of A Randomized Trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformations (ARUBA) trial are controversial, and its structure limits analysis of patients who could potentially benefit from treatment. OBJECTIVE To analyze the results of a consecutive series of patients with unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations(More)
BACKGROUND The results of treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) since Onyx became available as an embolic agent at our institution is reported. An algorithm is presented for treatment of DAVFs with Onyx, and the role of endovascular transvenous, surgical, and radiosurgical approaches are presented. METHODS Thirty-two patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE Accurate image guidance is an essential component of percutaneous procedures in the head and neck. The combination of preprocedural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and real-time fluoroscopy (the "triple-overlay" technique) could be useful in image-guided targeting of lesions in the head and neck. (More)
BACKGROUND Complex intracranial aneurysms are often treated with endovascular stent-assisted coiling. Intracranial stents are difficult to visualize with conventional computed tomography (CT) or fluoroscopy. "Stent view" flat-detector CT can be used to visualize intracranial stents during endovascular treatment. METHODS Three patients underwent(More)