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Neurocutaneous syndromes represent a vast, largely heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by neurological and dermatological manifestations, reflecting the common embryonic origin of epidermal and neural tissues. In the present report, we describe a novel neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by cerebral dysgenesis, neuropathy, ichthyosis, and(More)
BACKGROUND Children with Down's syndrome have a greatly increased risk of acute megakaryoblastic and acute lymphoblastic leukaemias. Acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia in Down's syndrome is characterised by a somatic mutation in GATA1. Constitutive activation of the JAK/STAT (Janus kinase and signal transducer and activator of transcription) pathway occurs in(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular basis of autosomal recessive non-syndromic mental retardation (NSMR) is poorly understood, mostly owing to heterogeneity and absence of clinical criteria for grouping families for linkage analysis. Only two autosomal genes, the PRSS12 gene on chromosome 4q26 and the CRBN on chromosome 3p26, have been shown to cause autosomal(More)
Smoking is associated with aberrant cutaneous tissue remodeling, such as precocious skin aging and impaired wound healing. The mechanism is not fully understood. Dermal fibroblasts (DF) are the primary cellular component of the dermis and may provide a target for pathobiologic effects of tobacco products. The purpose of this study was to characterize a(More)
The genetic contribution to autism is often attributed to the combined effects of many loci (ten or more). This conclusion is based in part on the much lower concordance for dizygotic (DZ) than for monozygotic (MZ) twins, and is consistent with the failure to find strong evidence for linkage in genome-wide studies. We propose that the twin data are(More)
A serogroup C meningococcal outbreak that occurred in an Israeli Arab village led to a massive vaccination campaign. During the subsequent 18 months, new cases of type B Neisseria meningitidis infection were revealed. To investigate the influence of vaccination on bacteriological epidemiology, bacteria were isolated from individuals at the outbreak(More)
Angelman syndrome (AS) is caused by maternal deficiency of UBE3A, the gene encoding E6-AP ubiquitin-protein ligase. Our objectives were to develop conditions for denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC) analysis of UBE3A and to compare the sensitivity to direct genomic sequencing. Genomic DNA was obtained from 17 Angelman patients with(More)
Human cancers display substantial intratumoral genetic heterogeneity, which facilitates tumor survival under changing microenvironmental conditions. Tumor substructure and its effect on disease progression and relapse are incompletely understood. In the present study, a high-throughput method that uses neutral somatic mutations accumulated in individual(More)
Familial dysautonomia (FD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies. Although extremely rare in most populations, FD is common among Ashkenazi Jews (AJ), with a calculated carrier frequency of 1 in 30, based on disease prevalence. The gene for FD was recently identified as IKBKAP. One major mutation(More)
The biological mechanisms involved in initiating, coordinating, and ultimately terminating cell-cell adhesion in the stratified epithelium are not well understood at present. This study was designed to elucidate the roles of the muscarinic M3, the nicotinic alpha3, and the mixed muscarinic-nicotinic alpha9 acetylcholine receptors in physiologic control of(More)