Daniéle Hernandez-Verdun

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In cycling cells, the rDNAs are expressed from telophase to the end of G2 phase. The early resumption of rDNA transcription at telophase raises the question of the fate of the rDNA transcription machinery during mitosis. At the beginning of mitosis, rDNA transcription is arrested, and the rDNAs are clustered in specific chromosomal sites, the nucleolar(More)
Nucleoli are the prominent contrasted structures of the cell nucleus. In the nucleolus, ribosomal RNAs are synthesized, processed and assembled with ribosomal proteins. RNA polymerase I synthesizes the ribosomal RNAs and this activity is cell cycle regulated. The nucleolus reveals the functional organization of the nucleus in which the compartmentation of(More)
This report examines the distribution of an RNA polymerase I transcription factor (upstream binding factor; UBF), pre-rRNA processing factors (nucleolin and fibrillarin), and pre-rRNAs throughout mitosis and postmitotic nucleologenesis in HeLa cells. The results demonstrate that nucleolin, fibrillarin, and pre-rRNAs synthesized at G2/M phase of the previous(More)
We report the molecular characterization of a novel nucleolar protein, Nop52, and its subcellular distribution during the cell cycle and nucleologenesis. This protein was originally identified with human autoantibodies which were subsequently used to clone its corresponding cDNA. Transfection experiments in mammalian cells have confirmed that this cDNA(More)
Autoantibodies directed against nucleoli that recognized a doublet of 97-94 kDa in HeLa nuclear protein extracts were identified. The two polypeptides bound equal amounts of antibody, and each was recognized by antibodies affinity purified using the other polypeptide. These antigens were localized in the secondary constriction of PtK1 cells, i.e. the(More)
To understand how nuclear machineries are targeted to accurate locations during nuclear assembly, we investigated the pathway of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) processing machinery towards ribosomal genes (nucleolar organizer regions [NORs]) at exit of mitosis. To follow in living cells two permanently transfected green fluorescence protein-tagged nucleolar(More)
The behaviour of nucleolar antigens known to associate with chromosomes at mitosis was investigated in mammalian cells (HeLa, HEp-2, PtK1, CHO) by immunofluorescence and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Serial optical sections through mitotic cells, from prophase to telophase, were used to generate three-dimensional images of the antigen distribution.(More)
A complex structure, visible by electron microscopy, surrounds each chromosome during mitosis. The organization of this structure is distinct from that of the chromosomes and the cytoplasm. It forms a perichromosomal layer that can be isolated together with the chromosomes. This layer covers the chromosomes except in centromeric regions. The perichromosomal(More)
In situ sites of nucleolar transcription in cells microinjected with 5-bromo-UTP (BrUTP) were visualized at an ultrastructural level. After injection the cells were maintained for 4–90 min at 37°C, fixed, and embedded in LR White resin. Postembedding immunoelectron microscopic visualization with colloidal gold has been used for localizing both Br-labeled(More)
The transcription termination factor TTF-1 exerts two functions in ribosomal gene (rDNA) transcription: facilitating initiation and mediating termination of transcription. Using HeLa cells, we show that TTF-1 protein is colocalized with the active transcription machinery in the nucleolus and also with the inactive machinery present in certain mitotic(More)